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http://library.kei.re.kr/dmme/img/001/014/001/2012_04_03_8.pdf;bWithout a robust guideline for environmental investment and predicting environmental impact, many development projects near coastal and estuarine areas have been conducted. The reason is that each project has its own characteristics so it is impossible to apply a single guideline to all of different projects. Thus, the purpose of this study is to present a guideline for the appropriate evaluation of environmental impact from the tidal power project at Garolim Bay. The guideline is focused on four essential subjects (hydrodynamics and water quality, sediment, estuarine biota, and halophytic wetlands) and describes environmental investment and predicting environmental impact for each item. For hydrodynamics and water quality, important factors include change of intertidal areas, flow patterns inside the bay areas, water exchange time(or residence time), exposed time of intertidal areas, salinity and temperature alternation, water quality deterioration (eutrophication and oxygen depletion) etc. For sediment, core issues contain short and long term sedimentation inside the bay areas, seasonal bathymetry change, sediment transport through the entrance of bay, sedimentation and suspended sediment outside the bay areas, erosion and deposition rate at intertidal areas, development of muddy area, understanding the distribution of sediment by type and the movement of sediment after the project. The range of estuarine biotic communities is very broad including primary producers, benthic communities, shallow water communities, communities at intertidal areas. These estuarine biota can suffer from change of flow pattern, intertidal areas, salinity, residence time, tubidity in the water column, exposed time of intertidal areas, sedimentation, water quality leading to the alternation of primary production and biodiversity. Thus, study of the estuarine biota requires the forecasting of biodiversity and changes in productivity based on hydrodynamics, sediment and water quality forecasting; however, uncertainty is likely to be substantial. As there is likely to be displacement of halophytic wetlands located in the upper intertidal zone after the project, appropriate policies will need to be devised.;
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