환경친화적 조세체계 구축에 따른 경제 파급효과 분석 Ⅰ

Title
환경친화적 조세체계 구축에 따른 경제 파급효과 분석 Ⅰ
Other Titles
용수보조금 중심으로
Authors
민동기
Co-Author
조승헌; 강만옥; 임현정
Issue Date
2001-12-30
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
연구보고서 : 2001-03
Page
v, 99p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19047
Language
한국어
Keywords
Subsidies- Korea
Abstract
Recently, rapid economic growth and water shortage have become of growing concern. The relationship between the economy and water resources is not seemingly apparent, but in the environmental context, there exists a close interaction. By and large, government policies emphasizing economic issues can very well be subject to neglecting environmental issues. In addition, it is a well-known fact that supply side management policies have a negative impact on the environmental sector. The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the possibility of securing economic growth and improving environmental quality simultaneously by taking a static general equilibrium approach. Implementation of such policy is initiated by means of cutting environmentally unfriendly subsidies to water sector (water supply and sewage). The revenue from the reduction of subsidies is associated with indirect taxes in production sectors, which consequently reduces indirect tax rates. The study has revealed a type of double dividend effect: reduction of water supply and increase of gross domestic products (GDP). The GDP changes 0.299% - 0.561% according to variations of elasticities and the way revenue is linked with indirect taxes applied to scenarios. Meanwhile, the impacts of cutting subsidies in the water sector result in the significant increase of water prices and the reduction of water output, respectively. The output reduction is proportional to values of elasticity utilized; starting at 10% for zero up to 60%. Several policy implications can be inferred from the results of this study. Taking in account the long-term effects of the subsidy-cut policy, the study predicts more output reduction in the water sector since, economically-speaking, long-term elasticities are larger than the short-term ones, like that in the present study. Hence, a current water policy that is under-priced, so as to allow over-consumption, should be changed in order for the society to achieve economic growth and improve environmental quality.

Table Of Contents

I. 서 론 1
1. 연구의 배경 및 목적 1
2. 연구방법 및 범위 3

Ⅱ. 용수별 보조금 규모 추계 5
1. 현행 용수관련 부과금 및 사용료 6
2. 생활용수부문 보조금 규모 11
2.1 상수도 11
2.2 하수도 15
3. 공업용수부문 보조금 규모 22
3.1 공업용수 22
3.2 산업폐수 24
4. 농업용수부문 보조금 규모 29
4.1 농업용수 29
4.2 축산폐수 38
5. 총 용수관련 보조금 규모 43

Ⅲ. 분석모형 및 시나리오별 분석결과 46
1. 연산일반균형모형의 개념 및 기본구조 46
1.1 연산일반균형모형의 개념 46
1.2 기본구조 48
2. 모형의 방정식 체계 52
2.1 생산부문 52
2.2 최종수요부문 56
3. 시나리오별 조세개편의 경제파급효과 59
3.1 사회회계행렬 59
3.2 시나리오 설정 63
3.3 추정결과 64

Ⅳ. 요약 및 결론 71

< 참 고 문 헌 > 73

< 부 록 > OECD 국가 물관련 보조금 현황 75

< 부 표 > 84

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