골프장 건설시 환경영향 및 평가방안

Title
골프장 건설시 환경영향 및 평가방안
Authors
권영한
Issue Date
2002-12-15
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
정책보고서 : 2002-08
Page
viii, 101p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19075
Language
한국어
Keywords
Golf courses
Abstract
Although environmental effects during golf course development have been a long debate, researches on a clear solution for the debate have been rarely accomplished. This work aimed to identify environmental effects during construction and operation of a golf course through analysis of review results of five environmental impact statements as well as on-site visit of two constructed golf courses. Also an experiment about alteration of benthic species in a stream affected by golf course operation has been carried out. Based on the result, important environmental effects and an evaluation scheme during a golf course development have been discussed. A critical step is a site selection which is restricted by a steep slope and both ecologically important and environmentally sensitive areas. A golf course should flow with the geological shape to prevent from forming a steep slope. Although government laws regulates site and size according to the number of course, they are faced to be improved for a development of a nature friendly golf course. Analysis of review results of five environment impact statements shows that environmental concerns in ecosystem, geological change, hydrological alteration, water quality, and landscape should be considered in order to develop a new golf course. Unnecessary change in land use and logging causes soil erosion and habitat loss. Each pond for recycling and prevention of disaster is not really separated, causing failure of pollution control and ecosystem in a stream watershed. Valley water should flow through a by-pass line, which maintains water available for use. Pond and stream water would be easily polluted by chemicals and eutrophication if the golf course is not properly constructed and managed. Ecosystem in each stream appears to be negatively affected by each golf course according to the result of analysis of benthic fauna and stock. Species diversity of two investigation sites was similar in affected points compared to the control, but a major component of the species in the affected point was different from the uncontaminated control where genus Gammarus and Ecdyonurus were dominated, indicating that species component would be affected by drained water from the golf course. One site among them was heavily affected by the golf course. Non of species was found in the site, indicating that the stream ecosystem is extremely altered. It happened in the stream that polluted water, leaked from unknown sources, flow in. Further researches remain to clarify which component in the drained water causes alteration of benthic fauna and also to provide unequivocal data by detailed analyses. It is extremely important in the future that the impact on the environment in siting, design and construction, and mostly management should be considered in order to develop a sustainable golf course.

Table Of Contents

서 언
요 약

제1장 서 론 1
1. 연구의 배경 및 목적 1
2. 골프장의 역할 2
3. 연구방법 및 범위 4
가. 환경영향평가서 검토의견 분석 및 현장확인조사 4
나. 저서성무척추동물 현지조사 4

제2장 골프장의 입지선정 9
1. 골프장 입지선정 평가 9
가. 현황 및 문제점 9
나. 입지선정시 고려할 사항 11

제3장 골프장의 환경영향 17
1. 골프장 조성에 따른 환경영향 17
가. 평가서 분석 사례 17
나. 골프장 조성시 고려할 사항 19
2. 골프장 시공시 또는 시공 직후 환경영향 20
가. 골프장 시공 후 환경변화 20
나. 평가서의 저감대책 이행 여부 24
3. 골프장 운영시 환경영향 30
가. 잔디관리(병?해충?잡초관리)의 문제점 30
나. 물관리(수리?수문, 수질)의 문제점 33
다. 생태계의 문제점 36

제4장 골프장이 하천생태계에 미치는 영향 39
1. 환경변화와 저서성대형무척추동물 39
2. 조사 및 분석 41
가. 조사기간 및 조사지점 41
나. 군집분석 44
3. 결과 및 고찰 45
가. 출현 분류군에 따른 군집의 유형 45
나. 군집 내 종 다양성 56
다. 군집의 우점종 비교 57
라. 수리적 군집분석 및 지표생물군 밀도 비교분석 60

제5장 요약 및 결론 66
1. 입지선정상 영향과 문제점 및 대책 66
2. 공사시 영향과 문제점 및 대책 67
3. 운영시 영향과 문제점 및 대책 67
4. 담수생태계에 미치는 영향 및 대책 68
5. 골프장 조성시 전반적인 영향에 대한 평가 69
가. 공사시 영향 69
나. 이용시 영향 69
다. 저서성대형무척추동물상을 이용한 생물학적 평가 70
라. 입지선정에 대한 평가 70
6. 골프코스 건설단계 및 골프장의 가치에 대한 제언 74

참고문헌 75
Abstract 77
< 부록 > 79

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