유해화학물질 관리를 위한 그린화학(GC) 제도 연구

Title
유해화학물질 관리를 위한 그린화학(GC) 제도 연구
Authors
박정규
Issue Date
2002-12-30
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
연구보고서 : 2002-09
Page
viii, 146p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19085
Language
한국어
Keywords
chemicals- Management
Abstract
Green chemistry is the design, manufacture and use of efficient, effective, safe and more environmentally benign chemical products and precesses. Within the broad framework of sustainable development, government, academia and industry should strive the maximise resource efficiency through activities such as energy and non-renewable resource conservation, risk minimisation, pollution prevention, minimisation of waste at all stages of a product life-cycle, and the development of products that are durable and can be re-use and recycled. Green chemistry is a relatively new concept and scientific area that aims to improve the efficiency with which natural resources are used to meet human needs for chemical products and services. In doing so, it can contribute to achieving a cleaner, healthier, and sustainable environment and improving the image of chemistry as a problem solving science in society. The ultimate goal of green chemistry is to contribute to the realisation of a "sustainable society", with the help of chemical technology. Green chemistry products or precesses fall within three broad categories: 1) Use of renewable or recycled feedstocks; 2) Increased energy efficiency, or using less energy for the same or greater output; 3) Avoidance of substances that are persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic. The promotion and implementation of green chemistry relies on a number of key actors; government, academia, industry, professional societies and NGOs. Each can play an important role either independently or working in collaboration with other actors. For academia and industry, green chemistry is a voluntary way to move toward a sustainable environment and society. For government, green chemistry is a non-regulatory way of making regulations work more effectively. Collaboration of the key actors is essential to make green chemistry activities like R&D, education and information exchange as effective as possible. Collaboration across different regions and disciplines will further promote and enhance green chemistry globally.

Table Of Contents

제1장 서론 1
1. 연구의 목적 1
2. 연구내용 및 방법 2

제2장 그린화학에 대한 고찰 4
1. 시행배경 4
2. 그린화학의 목적과 주요원리 9
3. 그린화학의 기법 13

제3장 그린화학의 국제적 시행현황 18
1. 연구 및 개발프로그램 21
2. 교육 및 홍보프로그램 32
3. 정보수집 및 공유프로그램 36
4. 정부의 활성화방안 39
5. 관련학술단체 51

제4장 그린화학의 시행효과 및 향후 전망 59
1. 그린화학의 시행효과 59
2. 그린화학의 향후 전망 65

제5장 그린화학 관련 국내제도 및 연구동향 분석 69
1. 그린화학 관련제도 및 프로그램 69
가. 유해화학물질 배출량조사제도 69
나. 청정생산기술 71
다. 환경표지제도 74
라. Responsible Care 75
2. 그린화학 관련연구 77
3. 그린화학과의 비교 82

제6장 화학물질관리와 그린화학과의 연계방향 85
1. 우리나라 화학물질의 관리현황 85
2. 화학물질 관리상의 문제점과 향후 전망 89
가. 화학물질 관리상의 문제점 - 그린화학과 연계하여 89
나. 화학물질 관리의 향후 전망 92
3. 그린화학의 국내 도입의 필요성 93
4. 화학물질 관리와 그린화학과의 연계방향 97
가. 그린화학 시행을 위한 역할분담 97
나. 세부 연계방향 102

제7장 결론 113

참고문헌 117

OECD의 그린화학조사보고서 119

Abstract 144

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