사업장 대기유해물질의 관리 개선방안

Title
사업장 대기유해물질의 관리 개선방안
Authors
공성용
Co-Author
이영수; 구현정
Issue Date
2003-12-30
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
연구보고서 : 2003-12
Page
viii, 180p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19111
Language
한국어
Abstract
As hazardous air pollutants(HAPs) cause some serious health problems, stricter measures are required to minimize the adverse effect by HAPs. At the present, 25 chemicals are designated as HAPs, of which some emission standards are issued. The industries which emit the HAPs should have permission for installing and operating. But these measures are not enough to protect inhabitants from HAPs. So this study was carried out to suggest the countermeasures to reduce HAPs emission from industries. Some chemicals which show large emissions in Toxic Release Inventory of 2001∼2002 is not designated as the HAPs, so it is necessary to add these to the present HAPs. It is strongly desirable that more chemicals are designated and controlled as the HAPs. How to select the main industries to be controlled is very important when the new HAPs are issued. A methodology to choose proper industrial sources to be controlled is suggested in consideration of emission volume and number of the HAPs. As a case studies, industrial sectors to be controlled are suggested for 33-urban HAPs(USA) and chemicals designated as the HAPs and VOCs in The Air Quality Conservation Law by the methodology. It is also necessary to improve the present source management system. Introduction of Emission standards based on best available technology(BAT) and periodical permitting system is strongly recommended. For successful implementation of BAT requirement, extent of available technology and available cost is very important and has to be decided by various stakeholder. And more, regulatory standards are to be designed so that industry can have flexibility to meet regulations in cost effective way. Details are presented in Chapter 5.

Table Of Contents

목 차
제1장. 서 론 1

제2장. 국내 대기질 및 대기유해물질 배출량 현황 3
1. 국내 대기질 현황 3
가. 유해대기물질측정망 측정결과 3
나. 대기 중금속 측정망 측정결과 5
다. 내분비계물질 조사결과 9
2. 오염물질 배출량 현황 11
가. 화학물질배출량 조사결과 12
나. 대기배출시설조사표 자료 22

제3장. 국내 관리현황 및 문제점 27
1. 관리대상 물질 27
가. 국내현황 27
나. 문제점 29
2. 대기질 농도 측정망 29
가. 국내현황 29
나. 문제점 31
3. 배출량 조사 31
가. 국내현황 31
나. 문제점 35
4. 배출시설의 관리 36
가. 입지시의 관리 36
나. 운전시의 관리 38
제4장. 외국의 HAPs 관리정책 및 시사점 51
1. 미국 51
가. 정책의 개요 51
나. 사업장 관리개요와 NESHAP 특징 60
2. 일본 79
가. HAPs 관리정책 개요 79
나. 사업자 지침과 저감활동 82
3. 독일 83

제5장. 사업장 관리개선방안 88
1. 기본 원칙 88
2. 관리개선 방안 90
가. 관리대상 물질의 확대 90
나. 우선관리 대상 배출원의 선정 91
다. 관리기준 설정방안 100
라. 허가제도의 개선방안 103

제6장. 맺음말 105

참 고 문 헌 106
약어정리 108
지역별 내분비장애물질 대기중 검출농도(연평균값) 110
각국의 HAPs 지정현황 111
사업자에 의한 유해대기오염물질의 자주관리촉진을 위한 지침 132
Hazardous Air Pollutants and Their Associated MACT Source
Categories 135
우선관리 대상 배출원 평가사례 표 172
Abstract 179

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