전자상거래의 확산에 따른 유통산업의 구조변화와 환경영향

Title
전자상거래의 확산에 따른 유통산업의 구조변화와 환경영향
Authors
최진석
Co-Author
김윤태; 고현정
Issue Date
2003-12-30
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
연구보고서 : 2003-05
Page
207 p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19115
Language
한국어
Abstract
Environmental implications of electronic commerce in the Korean distribution sector Through development of Information and Communication Industry, Korean is being faced to Social and Economic Changes. One of them come from Korean Distribution Sector. Launched in 1995 and 1996, TV Home-Shopping and Internet Shopping-Mall lead structural change in distribution sector. Especially, Korean society takes new technologies as a chance to restructure. According to Business Association for Electronic Commerce in Korea, the market for e-commerce will develop by 2010 and over and takes 10% of distribution sector in Korea. In order to have an impact of Electronic Commerce on environment, this study compares traditional commerce with electronic commerce. As a result, there are two significant comparisons. One is in transport field and another is in Land-use. The impact of e-commerce on transport : Online Shopping has relevant consequences on passenger transport demands. In some cases, online shopping eliminates any kind of physical transport. In other cases, transport of goods is still necessary but the journeys to shops are eliminated or reduced. In Seoul metropolitan area, we estimate the impact of traditional market customers on transport and compare this with the impact of online company's delivery services. Online Shopping is less pollutant than traditional market customers based on data of 2003 in Korea. In land-use case, e-commerce use more efficiently than traditional markets. In fact, two major e-commerce companies get 5 to 30 times more sales than three major traditional distribution companies with the same land. These results are not sufficient to qualify e-commerce as a eco-friendly distribution sector because there exist other negative effects of e-commerce such as 'reverse logistics' and 'resource waste or over-use'. Even though we have no relevant proof, we can make some policy recommendation of e-commerce. It is because we know the relationship between environment and e-commerce from different studies(including this study). Firstly, the role of delivery increases during e-commerce grow-up. Especially, the nature of transport vehicle is crucial for environmental result. Another important point is how to reduce 'reverse logistics' of e-commerce. Now a days, the cooperative commerce is announced as one of the efficient solutions. Lastly, e-commerce gives more possibilities to consumer about information of goods. With this point, policy can encourage companies to voluntary environmental management.

Table Of Contents

제 1 장 서론(序論) 1
제1절 연구의 배경 및 목적 2
제2절 연구의 범위 및 구성 3

제 2 장 전자상거래의 이해와 현황분석 4
제1절 전자상거래의 이해 5
1. 전자상거래의 정의 5
2. 전자상거래와 전자유통업(e-retailer) 7
3. 전자상거래의 분류 9
제2절 전자유통(e-tailing) 현황 11
1. 인터넷 쇼핑몰 11
2. TV 홈쇼핑 28
3. 모바일 커머스 40
제3절 전자유통 확산에 따른 유통산업의 변화 44
1. 유통산업의 변화 44
2. 유통산업의 진화와 전자유통의 위상 45
3. 전자유통의 확산과 물류현안의 변화 47
4. 전자유통의 물류운영 현황 56

제 3 장 전자유통 확산의 환경영향 65
제1절 전자유통의 환경영향에 대한 기존연구 분석 69
1. 일반적 정보통신 산업의 환경성과 제고를 위한 연구 69
2. 정보통신기술의 발전에 따른 환경정책 대응 69
3. 전자거래가 교통 및 환경에 미치는 영향 70
제2절 국내 전자유통의 직접적 환경영향 분석 71
1. 전자유통과 폐기물 발생 73
2. 전자유통과 교통수요와의 관계 75
3. 유통산업과 토지이용 90
제3절 전자유통 확산 물류여건 변화에 대한 대응 92

제 4 장 108
제1절 전자유통은 환경친화적인가? 109
1. 개론 109
2. 전자유통의 이해를 통한 환경성 제고 방안의 도출 111
3. 환경성과 극대화를 위한 정책 112
제2절 본 연구의 한계 및 향후 과제 113
1. 본 연구의 한계 113
2. 향후 과제 114

참고문헌 115

부록 - 1

부록 - 2

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