토양오염지역의 관리 및 복원 방안 Ⅱ

Title
토양오염지역의 관리 및 복원 방안 Ⅱ
Authors
박용하
Co-Author
윤서성; 송재우; 장지수; 이양희
Issue Date
2003-12-30
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
연구보고서 : 2003-13
Page
188p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19120
Language
한국어
Abstract
Management and Remediation Policy of Contaminated Lands in Korea II Attempts were made to present better soil management and remediation policies of the contaminated soils in Korea. Compared to those policies of the developed European countries, problems encountered in the process of enacting the Soil Environment Conservation Act (SECA) in Korea appeared to have no detailed guidance on determination of responsible parties and liability for the soil contamination, no clear legislative authority to deal with the contaminated soil, and a lack of legislative systems for local communities to participate in the determination process of the contaminated soil. Soil management and remediation policies of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany, and Denmark were chosen resulting from a feasible analysis of 18 countries in the European Union. Of these four countries, social characteristics, a policy background of soil contamination policy, soil contamination situation, laws and legislation, responsible authorities for remediation of the contaminated soils, soil quality criteria, risk assessment and management of contaminated sites, reuse policy of contaminated soil, role of local community, liability and funding mechanisms were identified and compared with those of the U. S. studied last year. Policy direction and subsequent strategies regarding the soil contamination problems of Korea could be proposed as follows. Policy directions include i) comprehensive management and cleanup of contaminated soils and groundwater simultaneously, ii) raising the consideration of health and environment risks, iii) activation of the community participation, iv) carrying out the site-specific risk assessment of the contaminated sites, v) enforcing remediation and management policies of the soil contamination sites legally and technically applicable or relevant. To implement the remediation and management policies of the soil contamination sites efficiently, establishment of detailed procedures for the management and cleanup of contaminated soils, preparation of a detailed guidance on determination of responsible parties and range of liability for the soil contamination, establishment of the national DATABASE system of (potentially) contaminated sites, expansion of voluntary remediation programs, enhancing participation of local communities by enforcing the law and legislation, and preparation of special cleanup fund program were proposed. The policy suggestions above are not conclusive due to a lack of practical application. To provide concrete measures for the management and cleanup of contaminated soils as the ultimate goal of this study, further research on aspects of the social, economical, and legacy should be conducted. Application of the policies suggested in case areas would increase their practicality.

Table Of Contents

제목차례


I. 서론 1
1. 연구의 배경 및 필요성 1
2. 연구목표 및 내용 4
가. 연구의 목표 4
나. 연구의 내용 4
3. 연구문헌의 검토 5
4. 연구보고서의 체계 14

II. 우리나라의 토양오염 관리현황 및 문제점 16
1. 토양오염 현황 16
2. 토양오염지역의 관리 및 복원에 관한 사례분석 18
3. 토양오염지역의 관리 및 복원에 관한 법·제도의 문제점 34

III. 유럽 국가의 토양오염지역 복원 정책 및 분석 38

1. 유럽국가들의 토양오염방지 정책 개관 38
2. 영국 39
3. 네덜란드 59
4. 독일 82
5. 덴마크 103
6. 시사점 117
가. 토양오염부지와 복원의 정의 등 117
나. 토양오염지역 복원의 책임 및 복원이익의 환수 122
다. 토양오염지역의 DB화 128
라. 오염토양의 재활용 129
마. 자발적 복원 129
바. 도시개발계획과 연계된 토양오염지역의 복원 130
사. 토양오염지역의 복원에 관한 지역사회의 참여 131
아. 재원조달 133

IV. 토양오염지역 복원정책의 정책 개선 방안 136
1. 정책추진목표 및 원칙 136
2. 정책개선 추진 방향 및 전략 138
3. 정책개선 추진 방안 140
가. 토양오염지역의 복원체계 구축 140
나. 토양오염 책임배분체계의 구축 144
다. 토양오염지역의 DB화 147
라. 토양오염지역의 자발적 복원제도의 확대 149
마. 지역사회의 참여 활성화 149
바. 특별회계를 통한 토양오염지역의 재원마련과 복원기금 조성 150

V. 결론 153
1. 과제 요약 및 결론 153
가. 요약 153
나. 결론 155
2. 연구과제의 한계 및 향후 추진과제 157

인용문헌 158

약어집 175

부록 179

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