생태계위해외래종의 통합관리 방안 연구

Title
생태계위해외래종의 통합관리 방안 연구
Authors
방상원
Co-Author
김문희; 노태호
Issue Date
2004-12-31
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
연구보고서 : 2004-02
Page
x, 325p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19144
Language
한국어
Abstract
Due to increasing global trade and travel, the invasion of native ecosystems by alien species such as mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, weeds, pathogens and etc. is now widely regarded as a top threat to biological diversity worldwide. In order to cope with the threats from invasive alien species, Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and Global Invasive Alien Species Programme (GISP) recommended the introduction of ecological risk assessment (or import risk analysis) and establishment of integrated management scheme in national legal frame for invasive alien species (IAS) management. Some endeavors for improvement of IAS managements are; 1) to elevate the political profile of the invasive alien species issue to establish new funding and policy support for invasive species management, 2) to invest strategically in new research partnerships to fill the enormous gaps in practical knowledge of invasive species management, 3) to enhance the capacity of field programs to manage invasive species and mitigate their impacts on priority landscapes, 4) cooperation with business and government in a public-private communications campaign that conveys the urgency of this issue and the promise of real progress through practical action, 5) to construct national and regional alien species database to exchange information and share knowledges of alien species. Current Korean laws dealing with the IAS issue are Nature Conservation Law and Wildlife Protection Law, which designate and manage IAS in Korea. However, the legislations can not prevent the introduction of alien species at its border control when it enters into Korea. On the other hand, the existing animal and plant quarantine laws only control the import of alien species for the purpose of agriculture, forest, fishery and public health, and there have not been any controls of alien species for the purpose of natural resources conservation and abating threats from IAS. Therefore, it is generally accepted that the current Korean legal frameworks of IAS management have critical loopholes exposed and are extremely vulnerable to the invasion of alien species. In an attempt to solve the problems, a new integrated management scheme for IAS is designed and presented in this report based upon a precautionary principle management including ecological risk assessment, an IAS database, national IAS committee, integrated quarantine and border control, the restructure and establishment of IAS relevant laws, and others as well as enhanced post-management of IAS. The key factors needed in the new integrated management scheme are identified as follows; 1) introduction of a precautionary principle into existing relevant management, 2) introduction of ecological risk assessment (or import risk analysis) of IAS, 3) construction of national IAS database providing important basic information and knowledge, 4) enhanced post-management such as superintendence of alien species whether its original import purpose is bleached and monitoring of new and uncategorized alien species having potential risk, 5) the restructure and establishment of IAS relevant laws, 6) establishment of national IAS committee composed of all the related ministers, 7) launch and support basic and applied R&D of IAS such as precise national IAS survey and R&D of fundamental and basic researches including biology, physiology, genetics and ecology of IAS, 8) public-awareness and education program of IAS, and 9) promotion of international and regional cooperation of IAS management and research. With the factors identified above, a new integrated management scheme developed in this study should be implemented as follows. When an IAS enters into Korea via border (or import) control, responsible officials should look up and search the national IAS database whether the species imported has a known risk or not. Based on a precautionary principle, an ecological risk assessment is carried out when an IAS of unknown risks enters into Korea. If the assessment result shows a negative risk, the species is permitted to be imported into Korea. If the result shows a positive risk, it is banned to import. This is done by either a new IAS law or restructured existing quarantine laws. All these information is directly stored back into the database.

Table Of Contents

제1장 서 론
1. 연구의 배경 및 목적
2. 연구의 범위 및 방법
3. 외래종의 정의
4. 외래종의 유입경로
5. 외래종의 사회?경제적 이익 측면

제2장 국내 생태계위해외래종 관리제도 현황
1. 관련법 및 제도
가. 개요
나. 외래종 관련법
1) 환경정책기본법
2) 환경?교통?재해등에관한영향평가법 3) 자연환경보전법
4) 야생동?식물보호법
5) 조수보호및수렵에관한법률
6) 해양생태계의보전및관리에관한법률(안)
다. 검역 관련법
1) 수산업법
2) 수산물품질관리법
3) 수산자원보호령
4) 수산동?식물이식승인에관한규칙
5) 식품위생법
6) 가축전염병예방법
7) 식물방역법
8) 검역법
라. 수출?입 관련법
1) 관세법
2) 출입국관리법
3) 대외무역법
4) 산업자원부 수출?입 통합공고
마. 기타 관련법
1) 유전자변형생물체의국가간이동등에관한법률
2) 자연재해대책법
3) 산림 및 임업 관련법
4) 기타 유관법
2. 외래종의 국내 수입절차
가. 외래동물 수입절차
나. 외래식물 수입절차
다. 외래수산물 수입절차
3. 국내 제도상의 개선점 및 시사점

제3장 외국 생태계위해외래종 관리제도 현황
1. 외래종 관리제도
가. 국제기구 및 협약
나. 세계침입종프로그램
2. 미국
가. 미국 연방법
나. 하와이주와 캘리포니아주
3. 호주
가. 환경보호및생물다양성보전법
나. 수입위험분석제도
다. 호주 검역?검사청의 수입위험분석 과정 라. 호주 생물안보청의 수입위험분석
마. 수입조건 데이터베이스
4. 일본
5. 중국
6. 국내제도와의 비교분석 종합

제4장 생태계위해외래종 통합관리 방안
1. 개요
2. 통합관리의 구성요소
가. 사전예방적 접근 원칙
나. 외래종생태계위해성평가제도
다. 국가 생태계외래종 관리 데이터베이스 도
마. 외래종 관련법의 정비 또는 신규 제정 바. 국가생태계외래종관리위원회
사. 생태계외래종 관련 연구 사업
아. 대국민 교육, 홍보 및 외래종 인식 개발 자. 외래종 관련 국제협력체계의 구축
3. 통합관리 방안
제5장 결론
1. 요약 및 시사점
2. 결론
3. 외래종에 대한 새로운 시각 및 논란
4. 연구의 한계


참 고 문 헌

국내 생태계외래종 목록
생태계위해외래종의 통합관리를 위한 데이터베이스 설계 및 웹 기반 서비스 시스템의 구현(위탁보고서) 세관장 확인대상 수입물품
관세청 통계자료
일본의 침입외래종법
일본의 외래종 목록(2004년 10월 27일 현재)
Abstract

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