지방화·세계화 시대의 지역환경관리의 과제와 정책방안

Title
지방화·세계화 시대의 지역환경관리의 과제와 정책방안
Other Titles
자료집
Authors
이창훈
Co-Author
정회성; 이병준
Issue Date
2004-12-31
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
연구보고서 : 2004-04
Page
715 p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19301
Language
한국어
Abstract
During globalization, the provinces are no longer protected by the national border, thus are directly exposed to the world-wide competition. A province is not an outer or isolated area any more. It has now become an independent organization required to compete with provinces of another country on an equivalent basis. In order to make a province self-reliant and competitive so that it can survive against the turbulent waves of globalization, power and competency of municipalities should be reinforced. This research touches upon the strategy for provinces in response to globalization focusing on environmental issues. This study reviews the current status of the local environment management and problems in four aspects: division of roles for the environmental administrations between the central and local governments, allocation of environmental budgets between the central and local governments, administration systems of the municipalities, and locall environmental governance. In addition, issues on localization and globalization are identified and policy options are presented. This paper provides following suggestions whose implementation is sure to contribute to the sustainable growth of municipalities. In order to suggest the ideas, the researcher of this paper tried to understand and resolve problems with regard to the topic and analysed the current status of the local environmental management and its cases. First, when it comes to the solution of a given environmental problem, its administrative authority shall be divided either to the central or local government- whichever is more appropriate. Once a decision is made to transfer or delegate authority to municipalities, the capability and willpower of the environmental administration and management should be evaluated by the local authority so that a tiered allocation of authority based on the evaluation results can be carried out. Once authority is transferred, following up needs to be continuous and proper incentive or punishment should be given based on the evaluation results offering a basis for the local government to faithfully carry out the obligations transferred. Second, the resources for tackling the environmental issues at municipalities need to be expanded and they should be given more leeway in budgeting. At the same time, the ratio of subsidizing the municipalities needs to be adjusted in line with the degree of its self-reliance. By integrating the subsidies that have been allocated to each project, a comprehensive type of subsidy system should be expanded and a financial support system based on the evaluation results of the environmental conditions and performance should be in place. Third, in order to realize sustainable growth for the municipalities and for the more efficient environmental protection, the environmental-related tasks needs to be managed in an integrated approach classified by the medium of contamination. In particular, what should be built is an organic job link and support system among the different divisions in charge of economic, social and environmental affairs and adjustment and integration of different policies. For an integrated environmental management, the current management that has been implemented for each single different medium for air, water, soil, waste, and natural environment needs to be integrated. In addition, an installation of the Local Commission on Sustainable Development is required to ensure an organic job connection among different divisions in charge of economic, social and environmental affairs and adjustment of policies. Fourth, in order to solve the environmental problems affecting a wide area or region such as air or water contamination, cooperation of neighboring municipalities is essential. In order to identify reasonable solutions to the environmental problems affecting a wide area including the establishment of green areas to preserve the natural ecosystem, an improvement of the water quality of rivers, prevention of spread of air pollution, management of air quality across wide areas, and joint utilization of waste treatment facilities, functions of high-level organizations needs to be adjusted while the administrative council among different municipalities should be established and reinforced. Fifth, for a successful operation of local environmental governance, system of forming consensus based on the mutual understanding and trust among government, enterprise, and civil society is required. Such local environmental governance as the Local Agenda 21 and the Local Commission on Sustainable Development should take root in the local system and an organic link needs to be formed between the two. Sixth, in order for the municipalities to accept the global standards and actively respond to the global environmental issues and international environmental regime, there should be a task force team formed to tackle global environmental problems and promote international cooperation at the level of municipalities. In addition, they should be actively responding to the environmental problems at the local or global level by setting forth their opinions by attending various international conferences on environmental issues or joining international environmental organizations or promoting cooperation with local authorities of other countries.

Table Of Contents

서 언
국문요약

제1장 서 론

1. 연구의 필요성과 목적
가. 연구의 필요성
나. 연구의 목적
2. 연구의 범위와 방법
가. 연구의 범위와 내용
나. 연구의 방법

제2장 지방화·세계화시대와 지역환경관리

1. 지방화·세계화의 의의
가. 세계화의 의의
나. 세계화와 지방화
2. 지방화·세계화의 환경영향
가. 환경에 대한 지방화의 영향
나. 환경에 대한 세계화의 영향
3. 국제환경레짐과 지구환경표준의 등장
가. 국제환경레짐의 동향
나. 지역환경정책의 글로벌 스탠더드
4. 지방화·세계화시대 지역환경관리의 과제

제3장 지역환경관리의 현황과 문제점

1. 환경행정권한의 분담
가. 권한분담의 현황
나. 환경행정권한의 지방이양
다. 환경오염물질 배출업소 지도 및 단속권한 위임
라. 문제점
2. 환경예산의 배분
가. 중앙정부의 환경예산
나. 지방에 대한 환경예산 지원체계
다. 지방자치단체의 환경예산
라. 문제점
마. 보론: 지방자치단체 환경예산의 추계(한국은행)
3. 환경행정조직
가. 지방자치단체 환경조직의 변천
나. 환경행정체계의 현황
다. 환경행정조직의 문제점
4. 지역 환경 거버넌스 구축
가. 환경 거버넌스 구축 현황
나. 문제점

제4장 지방자치단체 환경관리 사례 연구

1. 특별시?광역시 대도시지역의 환경관리
가. 환경여건과 환경문제의 특성
나. 환경관리의 실태
다. 지구환경보전 및 국제환경업무 수행실태

2. 도지역 환경관리
가. 환경여건과 환경문제의 특성
나. 환경관리의 실태
다. 지구환경보전 및 국제환경업무의 수행 실태
3. 사례연구의 시사점

제5장 지역환경관리의 정책방안

1. 지방자치단체의 의지와 역량에 따른 사무위임
2. 지방의 재정여건과 재정자율권을 고려한 국고지원
3. 성과평가 및 보상체계의 강화
4. 통합 환경관리체계 구축
5. 광역 환경관리체계 구축
6. 지방의제21과 지방지속가능발전위원회의 제도화 및 연계 강화
7. 지구환경문제 대응체계 확립

제6장 연구의 요약 및 향후 과제

1. 연구의 요약
2. 연구의 한계 및 향후 과제

참고문헌

Abstract

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