해양 유류유출사고 방제종료기준 설정 방안

Title
해양 유류유출사고 방제종료기준 설정 방안
Authors
황상일
Co-Author
신용승
Issue Date
2008-12-30
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
정책보고서 : 2008-06
Page
iv, 106 p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19403
Language
한국어
Abstract
Abstract Establishing Shoreline Treatment Endpoints for Responses to Oil Spills The objective of this study was to propose how treatment endpoints can be established for shorelines affected by oil spills. This study attempted to suggest a decision-making framework within which endpoints could be established and to propose a scientific and comprehensive methodology for establishing endpoints; taking into account the long-term effects on the ecosystem. To do so, we analyzed the oil spill response systems of Korea, the United States, and Canada; focusing on the decision making frameworks of the United States. In addition, we proposed a methodology on ecological risk assessment in order to establish a criterion for determining whether or not the affected ecosystem has recovered. Our main findings in this work are as follows: 1) Qualitative endpoints have been generally selected in the United States and Canada. Furthermore, they have implemented efficient decision making systems to select endpoints. 2) Decision making systems for treatment endpoints need to be split into two sequential steps, i.e., the first step is to select the endpoints and the second step is to determine if the endpoints are met. Local or regional governments play a key role in selecting the endpoints for the shorelines affected by oil, while the response command headquarters under the Korean Coast Guard determines if the endpoints have been met. 3) Treatment endpoints need to be divided into two types, i.e., initial and ecosystem recovery related endpoints. 4) Establishing a shoreline (cleanup) assessment team (SCAT) is required to support the decision making procedure for treatment endpoints. Moreover, the existing technical advisory board needs to be strengthened. 5) The methodology to establish a criterion for determining whether or not the affected ecosystem has completely recovered was developed using ecological risk assessment, and needs to be revised further in order to take into account ecosystems recovering from existing and future oil spill accidents.

Table Of Contents

차 례
제1장 서 론
1. 연구의 배경 및 목적
2. 연구의 내용
3. 연구의 방법
제2장 유출유류의 거동, 환경영향 및 방제
1. 유출유류의 거동
가. 원유란?
나. 해상에서의 유류 풍화과정
다. 해안에서의 유류 거동 및 풍화과정
2. 유출유류에 의한 환경영향
가. 국내사례
나. 국외사례
다. 시사점
3. 유출유류의 방제
가. 해상방제
나. 해안방제
다. 해안방제방법별 환경에 미치는 영향
제3장 방제종료기준의 설정
1. 방제종료기준이란?
2. 캐나다에서의 방제종료기준 유형
가. 현장에서의 정성적인 관찰기준
나. 현장에서의 정량적인 측정기준
다. 분석측정기준
라. 영향평가기준
3. 미국에서의 방제종료기준 유형
4. 국내외 방제종료기준 설정사례
가. 미 국
나. 한 국
다. 시사점
5. 방제종료기준 설정방안
가. 방제종료기준의 구분
나. 초기방제종료기준 설정원칙
다. 초기방제종료기준 선택에 미치는 영향인자
라. 방제종료기준 설정을 위한 의사결정체계 구축
제4장 생태복원판단기준 설정
1. 생태위해성평가 방법론
가. 생태위해성평가지침의 적용
나. 시사점
2. 가상조건하에서 생물축적과 노출조건을 고려한 생태위해성평가
가. 먹이사슬 생물축적모형 개관
나. 먹이사슬 생물축적모형 적용
다. 노출조건과 생물축적을 고려한 생태위해성평가
라. 시사점
제5장 결론 및 정책 제언
참고 문헌
부록. 생물축적모형 프로세스(Arnot-Gobas, 2004)
Abstract

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