제품분류에 따른 대기오염물질 직ㆍ간접 배출량 추정과 변화요인 분석

Title
제품분류에 따른 대기오염물질 직ㆍ간접 배출량 추정과 변화요인 분석
Authors
공성용
Co-Author
신상철; 남재현
Issue Date
2009-12-31
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
연구보고서 : 2009-09
Page
114 p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19418
Language
한국어
Abstract
Criteria Air Pollutants Emissions in Korea: An Analysis Based on Input-Output Approach Korea's economy has recently been undergoing transformation through the interaction of various economic and social forces. New requirements that mandate emissions reductions in response to global climate change may ultimately develop into a force that reshapes the structure of the economy. As global concerns about air pollution grow, Korea is placing increasing priority on analyzing the role of individual industries in the increase in pollutant emissions. In this study, air pollutants emissions in the life cycle of each product group (i.e. the basic categories for the input-output table set forth by the Bank of Korea) were estimated by using environmental input-output tables and air emission and product information for more than 8,000 industrial companies (2003 & 2005). Analysis was performed for NOx, SOx, and particulate matter. The results were used to identify product groups with the greatest impact on the environment. We analyzed each industry's contribution to air pollution emissions by adopting a conventional input-output system. In this report, we analyzed the contribution of individual industries to emissions based on three factors: (i) direct emissions, i.e. those generated from industry itself, (ii) indirect emissions, i.e, those generated by the production of intermediate goods used for the production of another good in an industry which causes direct emissions, (iii) and overall emissions, i.e. the sum of direct and indirect emissions. Furthermore, we applied a methodology of demand-side decomposition of pollution emissions growth within the input-output framework. The decomposition method employed in this analysis originated from the one established by Chenery, Shishido, and Watanabe (1962), as well as Syrquin (1976), etc. The demand side decomposition of output growth analyzes the changes in the pollution emissions induced by changes in domestic consumption, domestic investment, exports, import substitutes for final demand, intermediate input use, and emissions coefficients. Demand-side decomposition allows us to identify the effects of government policies on emissions growth for individual industry sectors, as well as associated structural changes. In this analysis Laspeyre's measure and Paasche's measure were used for decomposition of emission growth, before we presented the final average of the two alternative measures. According to the results of the demand-side decomposition analysis for NOx, SOx and PM10 emissions in Korea for the years of 2003 and 2005, we found that the change in emission coefficients was the dominant source for the changes in the amount of pollution emissions. We also found that changes in domestic final consumption, changes in exports, and changes in intermediate input use mainly contributed to the growth of emissions of NOx, SOx and PM10 in Korea for the periods between 2003 and 2005.

Table Of Contents




제1장 서 론
1. 연구배경 및 목적
2. 연구범위 및 내용
제2장 제품 분류별 대기오염물질 직?간접 배출량 추정
1. 이론적 고찰
가. 산업연관표의 활용
나. 배출량 추정 이론
2. 오염물질 배출량 추정방법
가. 자료의 개요
나. 생산단계에서의 기본부문별 배출량 산정 방법
다. 수송 및 폐기 단계에서의 오염물질 배출량 할당
3. 기본부문별 오염물질 배출량
가. 생산단계에서의 오염물질 배출량
나. 간접효과를 포함한 생산단계에서의 오염물질 배출량
다. 수송 및 폐기 단계에서의 오염물질 배출량
제3장 업종별 대기오염물질 직?간접 배출량 추정 및 변화요인 분석
1. 한국의 대기오염물질 배출 현황
가. CAPSS 오염배출량 자료의 구성
나. 산업연관표의 통합대분류별 오염물질 배출 현황
다. 대기오염물질 배출량 현황
2. 산업연관분석에 의한 대기오염 배출 현황 분석
가. 산업연관표의 정의 및 구조
나. 레온티에프 투입산출모형
다. 레온티에프 환경오염모형
라. 간접효과를 고려한 상황에서의 부문별 환경오염물질 배출 비율
3. 오염배출성장요인 분해 분석
가. 라스파이레스 방식에 따른 오염배출량 성장요인 분해식 도출
나. 파셰 방식에 따른 오염배출량 성장요인 분해식 도출
다. 라스파이레스 및 파셰 방식의 평균치로 나타낸 분해방정식
제4장 요약 및 결론

참고 문헌
부 록
Abstract

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