기후변화 대응 온실가스 감축을 위한 국가할당방안 연구 II

Title
기후변화 대응 온실가스 감축을 위한 국가할당방안 연구 II
Authors
이상엽
Co-Author
임동순; 이혜진
Issue Date
2009-12-31
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
연구보고서 : 2009-10
Page
96 p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19419
Language
한국어
Abstract
Study on NAP for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation II Socioeconomic effects from climate change are an issue of national concern throughout the world. Developed countries in particular are operating programs and strategies in response to climate change. Although Korea is presently a Non-Annex I country, it has also recently announced a Greenhouse Gas (GHG) reduction targets to prepare for the situation after 2012 and is seeking out ways to implement Low Carbon Green Growth. In this context, substantial GHG reduction will require diversified provisions. This study was conducted for the purposes of achieving substantial GHG reduction over two years. First, the study established criteria and indicators for the National Allocation Plan (NAP) based on the principles of cost-efficiency and social-acceptance, and performed a case study of the sectoral effort sharing method, using the effort sharing index. Second, it analyzed the effect of both equitable and economical effort sharing by sector on the national economy as well as that of the equitable sharing method on the result of effort sharing. This study investigated whether sectoral effort sharing was improved and whether it was suitable to apply the effort sharing index which was developed in the preceding study. Furthermore, an extended I-O model, in terms of the reduction of GHG, was used to examine the effect of the national economy. Thereafter, the study analyzed the equity of effort sharing based on sectoral preferences and inter-sectoral equity using a Lorenz Curve. This study found that the three weights i.e. the weight of reduction potential to national reduction target, the weight of the rate of increase in emissions, and the weight of GDP growth which considered equitable effort - could reflect the sectoral structure well. The equitable method is more likely to be suitable than the economic one which considers just reduction potential. However, equitable effort sharing requires more reduction cost than the economic effort. Equitable effort sharing reflects a higher level of equity than economic effort sharing. At the same time, the equitable effort sharing method is essential for reflecting equity and establishing criteria for equity because evaluation with the equitable effort sharing method depends in particular on the weight of equity criteria. The result suggests the importance of consideration of equity and the establishment of equity criteria. In conclusion, it is critical to consider not only cost-efficiency but equity in policy decision making in terms of the sectoral effort sharing for national GHG reduction target. In the next stage, the study will conduct effort sharing through installations. In particular, this next stage will require study of participants in the domestic emissions trading scheme, such as those in industry and power generation.

Table Of Contents



제1장 서 론
1. 연구의 필요성
2. 연구 목적 및 범위
제2장 부문간 노력배분 접근방안
1. 저탄소 녹색성장과 온실가스 감축 노력배분
가. 녹색성장을 위한 기후변화 대응정책 패러다임 전환의 필요성
나. 기후변화 대응의 역할 및 중요성
다. 국가감축목표 이행을 위한 노력배분의 중요성
2. 형평성을 고려한 노력배분의 중요성
가. EU 배출권거래제(ETS) 사례
나. EU MS 책임배분(BSA) 사례
제3장 분석방법
1. 부문별 노력배분방안
가. 1차년도 연구결과 종합
나. 부가가치(GDP)와 대안지표 비교분석
다. 노력배분지수 적합성 분석
2. 분석방법론
가. 기본 자료 및 가정
나. 시나리오 설정
다. 부문별 온실가스 한계저감비용의 가정
라. 모형 개요 및 구조
제4장 분석결과
1. 분석결과 개요
2. 실증분석 결과
3. 노력배분결과 분석
가. 노력배분결과의 수용성
나. 노력배분결과의 형평성
제5장 결론 및 향후 과제
1. 결론 및 시사점
2. 연구의 한계 및 향후 과제

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