저소득계층의 기후변화 적응역량 강화를 위한 정책방안 연구 I

Title
저소득계층의 기후변화 적응역량 강화를 위한 정책방안 연구 I
Authors
추장민
Issue Date
2010-12-31
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
연구보고서 : 2010-19
Page
167 p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19491
Language
한국어
Abstract
Policies to enhance the capacity of climate change adaptation on the low-income People(I) This study was conducted for the purpose of developing policies to enhance the effects of climate change adaptation among the low-income people and their coping abilities based on an investigative analysis of abilities to cope with climate changes among low-income people residing in urban areas. Areas affected by storms and floods are found usually in the lowland regions of river margins where a much higher percentage of single-unit residential houses of relatively low-income groups are densely distributed than that of apartment complexes and multiple-unit residences of high-income groups. During heat waves, the elderly with mobility difficulties, children, those of low-income and low-education, and those with cardiovascular ailment remain vulnerable to the effects of severe weather. During cold spells, the increase in energy price aggravates the energy shortage suffered most deeply by the low-income people. Such effects of climate change were incorporated into the assessment indicators so as to be able to examine coping abilities, with the level of local community and each household (individual) as the proxy variables. Based on such indicators, adaptations and actual conditions of the low-income people in urban areas from the perspective of local community and household (individual) were examined and their coping ability and characteristics assessed and analyzed. The results showed that the local community low in socio-economic status was found to be high in the exposure to weather conditions and vulnerability, while their coping ability was found to be low, indicating that they are highly vulnerable to climate changes. It is conjectured that the resources for local community are relatively lacking for the low-income people residing in the local community with low socio-economic status to detect and adapt to the effects of climate changes. In case of households (individuals), the effects of climate change on select socio economically disadvantaged group were analyzed. The results indicated that they had low coping abilities even among the low-income group. In addition, residentially disadvantaged households (residing in attics or semi-basements) were found to be the most vulnerable, followed by households with the socially disadvantaged, namely the solitary elderly and single-parent families. It was found that that the lower the income of the group, the more vulnerable it was to climate changes, thus necessitating more institutional support than ever. To derive a policy plan for enhancing coping abilities for the low-income people, related policies were assessed. In the event of storms and floods, due to the poor management of automatic sewage pumps to be provided free of charge to each household, flood protection was found to be sorely lacking. In the event of heat waves, low-income people such as the solitary elderly confined to the elderly community showed low utilization of the “heat shelter” of a given area. Energy support policies by the government which would allow the low-income people to gain access to the relatively inexpensive and pure fuel, municipal gas, appeared very lacking. This study proposes five propulsive strategies, policy areas, and businesses. The five propulsive strategies include a policy plan for the enhancement of coping abilities to climates change among the low-income people. The five strategies are as follows: the institutionalization through the introduction of the related legislations such as “low carbon green growth fundamental act;” the adoption of climate welfare system, as the comprehensive set of politics for the doubling of coping ability to the climate changes; the establishment and intensive management of emergency rescue system for the high-risk population for each extreme weather condition such as flood or drought; building the social safety network of the low-income group in response to climate changes based on the creation of social capital through voluntary participation from citizens, and; building DB and investigative analysis of low-income people’s coping abilities to climate change. Suggestions for policy area and businesses are as follows: the construction of a climate-friendly pilot village in the regions with a dense population of low-income group vulnerable to climate changes; ban on the construction of lowland or basement houses and, on the other hand, enactment of relocation projects; strengthening measures for protection against floods and storms of frequently flooded areas through a flood protection system based on renovations of the city facilities and social enterprises; businesses which promote comprehensive enhancement of energy efficiency by improvement in indoor residential environment in connection with health and welfare businesses; improvements in the safety management measures for intense heat through improvement of conditions and changes of the heat shelters for the protection of elderly, and; the use of local children’s center for protection against extreme cold or heat for the children of low-income households including single-parent families and grandparent-led households.

Table Of Contents


제1장 서 론
1. 연구의 필요성 및 목적
2. 연구범위 및 연구방법
가. 선행연구와의 차별성
나. 주요연구내용
다. 연구방법
라. 연구대상 지역
제2장 기후변화 영향과 사회적 취약계층
1. 기후변화의 전망 및 영향
가. 전지구 기후변화 전망 및 영향
나. 한반도의 기후변화 전망 및 영향
2. 기후변화 영향과 사회적 취약계층
가. 주택유형에 따른 풍수해 피해 및 사회적 취약계층
나. 폭염으로 인한 사회적 취약계층의 영향
다. 겨울철 에너지 사용과 사회적 취약계층
제3장 지역사회와 가구(개인)의 기후변화 적응능력 평가지표 개발
1. 기후변화 적응능력의 정의
가. 기후변화 적응의 정의
나. 기후변화 적응능력의 개념 정의
2. 기후변화 적응능력(adaptive capacity) 평가방법론
가. 기후변화 적응능력의 주요결정요소 설정
나. 가구(개인) 차원의 기후변화 영향과 적응능력의 범주화
다. 가구(개인) 적응능력과 지역사회 적응능력의 복합평가
라. 기후변화 취약성 평가를 통한 적응능력 통합평가
3. 지역사회와 가구(개인)의 기후변화 적응능력 평가지표 개발
가. 기존의 평가지표 개발 현황
나. 지역사회와 가구(개인)의 기후변화 적응능력 평가지표 개발
제4장 지역사회와 가구(개인)의 기후변화 적응능력 평가결과 및 특성분석
1. 지역사회의 기후변화 적응능력 평가결과 및 특성분석
가. 자료의 수집
나. 평가방법
다. 연산결과
2. 가구(개인)의 기후변화 적응능력 평가결과 및 특성분석
가. 평가방법
나. 연산결과
다. 주성분 분석
제5장 저소득계층의 기후변화 적응역량 강화를 위한 정책방안 개발
1. 저소득계층 기후변화 적응역량의 정책적 시사점
가. 지역사회 적응역량 실태의 정책적 시사점
나. 가구(개인)의 적응역량 실태의 정책적 시사점
2. 국내외 기후변화 적응정책 사례 분석
가. 주요국가의 정책사례 분석
나. 우리나라의 정책사례 분석
다. 국내외 관련정책 평가
3. 저소득계층 기후변화 적응능력 평가에 근거한 정책수요 분석
가. 기후변화영향 지표 및 대리변수 상호비교를 통한 정책수요 분석
나. 민감도 지표 및 대리변수 상호비교를 통한 정책수요 분석
다. 적응능력 지표 및 대리변수 상호비교를 통한 정책수요 분석
4. 저소득계층 기후변화 적응역량 강화를 위한 정책방안
가. 추진전략
나. 영역별 정책 및 사업
제6장 결 론
참고 문헌
가구(개인) 조사 조사표
저소득계층의 인구집단별 비교
Abstract

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