기후변화 연동 4대강 유역 지하수 함양량 예측 및 이용 가능량 산정 II

Title
기후변화 연동 4대강 유역 지하수 함양량 예측 및 이용 가능량 산정 II
Authors
이정호
Issue Date
2010-12-31
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
녹색성장연구보고서 : 2010-18
Page
149 p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19515
Language
한국어
Abstract
Coupled Model Development between Groundwater Recharge Quantity and Climate Change in River Watershed II Global climate change is destroying the water circulation balance by changing rates of precipitation, recharge and discharge, and evapotranspiration. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2007) makes "changes in rainfall pattern due to climate system changes and consequent shortage of available water resource" a high priority as the weakest part among the effects of human environment caused by future climate changes. Groundwater, which occupies a considerable portion of the world's water resources, is related to climate change via surface water such as rivers, lakes, and marshes, and "direct" interactions, being indirectly affected through recharge. Therefore, in order to quantify the effects of climate change on groundwater resources, it is necessary to not only predict the main variables of climate change but to also accurately predict the underground rainfall recharge quantity. In this study, the authors selected a relevant climate change scenario, this study was to develop future climate scenario using spatially fine grained regional climate model (RCM: Regional Climate Model) based on the IPCC global climate model (GCM: Global Climate Model), and utilize the results thereof for development of climate change. Measured data utilized in the past climate data (1971-2000), future climate change scenarios(A1B), select the KMA-RCM(Korea Meteorological Administration-Regional Climate Model) results and the 1km DEM were used. Research areas throughout the South Korea, study period is from 1971 to 2100, and the monthly data. Generated items maximum, minimum and mean temperatures and rainfall are. Spatial resolution of 1km * 1km was constructed. Weather data for rainfall and temperature with the period between 1971 and 2100 was used in this study. Actual observation data from the Korea Meteorological Administration from 1970 to 2000 was used and the weather data obtained from the SRES A1B scenario was used for the data between 2001 and 2100. The 30-year observation and prediction averages were used in order to promote efficiency in processing the enormous amount data. and extracted future temperature and rainfall changes. By using data on temperature, rainfall, soil, and land use, the groundwater recharge rate for the research area was estimated by period and embodied as geographic information system (GIS). With regard to the study area, average temperature and accumulated rainfall were calculated as 11.69℃ and 1,018.04mm between 1970 and 2000, 12.59℃ and 981.04mm between 2001 and 2030, 13.79℃ and 1,222.49mm, between 2031 and 2050, and 15.511℃ and 1,192.03mm between 2051 and 2100, respectively. With regard to the groundwater recharge quantity, the climate data obtained according through the above-mentioned process was used as input data, and the soil map organized for calculation of CN values was used, and the data provided by USGS and EPA was used for the material properties of the soil. In order to calculate the groundwater recharge quantity, Visual HELP3 software was usedand the physical properties of weather, temperature, and soil layers were used as data. The recharge quantity for the study area between 1971 and 2100 was calculated to correspond with the data for climate change at percentage : 27.38% ween 1971 and 2000, 27.43% between 2001 and 2030, 26.06% between 2031 and 2050, and 27.88% between 2051 and 2100, respectively. General changes to water circulation due to climate change have already been predicted. In order to systematically solve problems associated with how the groundwater resource circulation system should be reflected in future policies pertaining to groundwater resources, it may be urgent to recalculate the groundwater recharge quantity and consequent quantity for using via prediction of climate change in Korea in the future and then reflection of the results. The space-time calculation of changes to the groundwater recharge quantity in the study area may serve as a foundation to present additional measures for the improved management of domestic groundwater resources.

Table Of Contents


제1장 서 론
1. 연구의 배경 및 필요성
2. 연구의 목적, 내용 및 방법
제2장 1차년도 개발 방법론 및 모델 보정
1. 1차년도 연구 결과 요약 및 문제점 도출
2. 적정 기후변화 시나리오 선정
가. IPCC 기후변화 시나리오 제공 및 분류
나. 기후변화 시나리오별 정의 및 구분
다. 대기-해양 대순환 모델과 기후변화 시나리오 연계 분석
3. 지역기후모형 규모 상세화 기법의 정합성 및 고도화
가. 스케일 상세화 기법의 이론적 고찰
나. 기후변화 시나리오 스케일 상세화
다. 미래 기후변화 시나리오 분석
4. 경사도를 고려한 유출곡선지수(CN) 산정
가. 낙동강 유역의 수문학적 토양 그룹 분류
나. 낙동강 유역의 유출곡선지수 산정
다. 낙동강 유역의 유출곡선지수 보정
제3장 자료 확보 및 분석
1. 연구 지역 개요
2. 연구 지역 토지피복, 지질, 식생 관련 공간지리정보 확보
가. 낙동강 본류 유역의 임상
나. 낙동강 본류 유역의 지질 및 토양
다. 낙동강 본류 유역의 토지피복
제4장 기후모델 연동 지하수 함양 및 이용가능량 산정
1. 미래 기후변화 시나리오 분석에 따른 낙동강 유역 기후사상 변화 결과
2. 시간에 따른 강수량, 기온, 지표수 유출, 지하수 함양률 변화
가. 낙동강 본류 권역의 지하수 함양 변화
나. 낙동강 유역별 지하수 함양 변화
다. 국가 지하수 관리 기본계획상의 낙동강 유역별 지하수 함양량
3. 유역 내 기저유출량 분석에 의한 결과 검증
가. 기저유출의 이론적 배경
나. 기저유출 분리 방법
다. 기저유출량 산정
제5장 결론 및 제언
1. 연구 결과 요약
2. 1차년도 연구 결과 요약 및 문제점 도출
3. 결론 및 제언
참고 문헌
Abstract

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