Project of Investigation about Environmental Cooperation Needs with Asian Countries -Philippines

Issue Date
Ministry of Environment
Series/Report No.
303, A-81 p.
Korea is recently taking an active role in strengthening the inter-Asian environmental cooperation through the Korea-China-Japan Environment Ministerial talks, the Korea-Vietnam Environment Ministerial talks, environmental cooperation with ASEAN nations, and Official Development Assistance (ODA) projects. These various cooperation projects, which have been in place since the 1990s, are in need of a comprehensive framework, which will be provided by this research project. In accordance with the agreement concluded in February, 2001 at Jeju Island between the Korean Ministry of Environment and the World Bank, KP takes the form of a cooperation project managed and carried out by the World Bank with the Korean government providing a certain annual sum to the World Bank in the form of a trust fund. As a result of selection process of the Ministry of Environment and the World Bank, targets for the project were decided as China, Vietnam, and the Philippines. The knowledge partnership project put forth by the World Bank takes the form of research projects, joint research, case studies, international seminars, etc., while consigned training and pilot projects involving the construction of facilities, etc., are excluded The main purpose of this research project is to discover the demand and formulate plans for inter-Asian environmental cooperation projects based on the Knowledge Partnership Program. The Knowledge Partnership is a structural element in the promotion of inter-Asian environmental cooperation, and through policy studies, case studies, etc., it illuminates the demand for cooperation and occupy an important role in connecting different forms of cooperation through the transfer of Korean knowledge and experience.

Table Of Contents

PART I : Overview of Inter-Asian Knowledge Partnership and the Research Project on Investigation of Environmental Cooperation Area
I. Knowledge Partnerships and Inter-Asian Environmental Cooperation
1. Background and Purpose of Inter-Asian Knowledg Partnership
1.1 Overview of Inter-Asian Knowledge Partnership
1.2 Background and Signifificance of the Promotion of Inter-Asian KP
2. The Position of KP within the Structure of the Inter-Asian Cooperation Project
2.1 The Background for Korea’s Promotion of Inter-Asian Environmental Cooperation
2.2 The Importance and Position of the Knowledge Partnership
3. Promotional Structure of Knowledge Partnership
3.1 Development of Knowledge Partnership
3.2 Promotional Structure of Knowledge Partnership Program

II. Overview of Research Project on inter-Asian Environmental Cooperation Areas
1. Purpose and Content of the Research Project
1.1 Purpose of the Research Project
1.2 Content of the Research Project
2. Methods of Performance and Promotional Structure
2.1 Methods of performing the study
2.2 Project implementation process
2.3 Promotional Structure
3. Structure of this Report

PART II : Status of Environmental Management and Cooperation Needs in Philippines
I. General Situation in the Philippines
1. History Of Environmental Management And Organizations In The Philippines
2. Philippine Agenda 21 (PA21)
2.1 Sustainable Human Settlements
2.2 Sustainable Energy Production and Utilization
2.3 Integration of Environment in Socio-Economic Planning and Decision-Making
3. Medium Term Development Plan, 1998?2004
3.1 Key Result Areas for Environmental Sustainability
3.1.1 Forest Resources
3.1.2 Land Resources
3.1.3 Freshwater Resources
3.1.4 Coastal and Marine Resources
3.1.5 Biodiversity and Protected Areas
3.1.6 Mineral Resources
3.2 MTDP Challenge?Environmental Sustainability
4. DENR Thrusts And Priorities For The Year 2002:Empowering The Stakeholders
4.1 Proactive Environmental Sensitivity Building and Awareness
4.2 Forest Cover Expansion
4.3 Poverty Alleviation
4.4 Air and Environmental Quality in Major Urban Cities
4.5 Private Sector Participation and Investments in Environmental Projects
4.6 Generation of Additional Revenues
4.7 “Good Governance” in the Management and Implementation of Environmental Programs, Projects and Activities
5. EMB Priority Programs for FY 2002
5.1 Streamlining the EIA Process
5.2 Strengthen Enforcement of Toxic Chemicals and Hazardous Wastes Management
5.3 Air Quality Management for CY 2001-2002
5.4 Water Quality Management
5.5 Solid Waste Management
5.6 Pollution Adjudication
6. Environmental Statistics
6.1 Air Quality Management
6.2 Water Quality Management
6.2.1 Pasig River
6.2.2 Other River Systems in Metro Manila
6.2.3 Rivers Outside Metro Manila
6.2.4 Lakes
6.2.5 Coastal Waters
6.3 Solid Waste Management
6.3.1 Waste Generation
6.3.2 Disposal Facilties
6.4 Hazardous Waste
7. Legal Framework
7.1 Environmental Policies and Laws
7.2 DENR Organizational Structure

II. Legal and Policy Development of Particular Relevance to Industrial and Urban Environmental Management
1. Organizations Related to Environmental Management
1.1 Environmental Management Bureau (EMB)
1.2 Laguna Lake Development Authority (LLDA)
2. Other Key Agencies for Industrial and Environmental Matters
2.1 Department of Trade and Industry (DTI)
2.2 The National Economic Development Authority (NEDA)
2.3 Department of Health (DOH)
2.4 Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB)
2.5 Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH)
2.6 Department of Science and Technology (DOST)
2.7 Department of Energy (DOE)
2.8 Philippine Economic Zone Authority (PEZA)
2.9 Technology Livelihood Resource Center (TLRC)
2.10 Local Water Utilities Administration(LWUA)
2.11 Local Government Units (LGUs)
3. The Philippine Environment Partnership Program (PEPP)
3.1 Policy Basis of PEPP
3.2 Chronology of PEPP Events
3.3 Industry Benefits from PEPP Participation
3.4 Basic Concepts of PEPP
3.5 Overall PEPP Steps
4. Philippine Environmental Policies
4.1 Environmental Laws on Solid Waste
4.2 Executive Order No. 192
4.3 Presidential Decree 552
4.4 Presidential Decree 824
4.5 PD 1160
4.6 Pollution Control Decree of 1976
4.7 Environmental Impact Statement System Decree of 1978
4.8 RA 7942 or the Mining Act of 1995
4.9 Memorandum Circular No. 30
4.10 Fines and Violations
4.11 Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Waste and Their Disposal
4.12 Republic Act 6969 - Toxic Chemicals And Nuclear Waste Control Act 119
4.13 Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) Memorandum Circular No. 03-94 or Prevention, Containment, Abatement and Control of Marine Pollution
4.14 RA 7160 or the Local Government Code
4.15 Environmental Laws on Water Supply
4.16 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 1987
4.17 RA 8749 or An Act Providing for a Comprehensive Air Pollution Control Policy and for Other Purposes (Clean Air Act of 1999)
5. Major Problems Issues of Regional Environmental management 124
6. Present State Of Environmental Industry In Philippines And The Policies For Encouraging Environmental Industry
6.1 Overall market for Environmental Service Providers
6.2 Situation of Industries
6.3 Result Of The Interview With Industrial Estates To Understand Corporate Environmental Management Among Industries

III. Investigation of situations of corporate environmental management in Philippines
1. Government Policies And Programs For Environmental Management Of Industries
2. Financial Institutions
2.1 Land Bank of the Philippines
2.2 Development Bank of the Philippines
3. Government Institutions Environmental Projects, Policies And Plans
3.1 BOI-DTI’s 2002 Investment Priorities Plan (IPP) Incentives
3.2 Pasig River Rehabilitation Program
3.3 Philippine Environmental and Natural Resource Accounting Project
3.4 Proposed Philippine National Cleaner Production Action Plan
3.5 Integrated Program on Cleaner Production Technologies (IPCT)
4. Present Situation Of Corporate Environmental Management
4.1 Business Agenda 21
4.2 Environmental Management System
4.3 P2/CP as Proactive Pollution Management Scheme
4.4 Existing/ Developing Economic Incentive System: Tariff, Charge, Penalty/Fee And Deposit ? Refund For Environmental Management Or For Use Of Environmental Resource
4.5 Philippine Economic Zone Authority (PEZA) Taxes on Residuals
4.6 Academic Institutions
5. Major Problems and Issues of Corporate environmental Management

IV. Investigation of environmental infrastructure (Regional EM) in Philippines
1. Water
1.1 Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS)
1.2 Maynilad Water Services, Inc. (MWSI)
1.3 Manila Water Company, Inc.
1.4 Laguna Water District (LWD)
1.5 Magdalena
1.6 Summary of Water Management Issues
2. Sewerage Treatment System
3. Solid Waste Stream
3.1 Waste Collection System
3.2 Waste Transport and Haulage
3.3 Final Disposal
3.4 Summary of Solid Waste Management Issues
4. Wastewater
5. Situation of Hazardous Waste Management
5.1 Number of Registered Hazardous Waste Generators
5.2 Regional Distribution of HW generation Amount by Type of HW
5.3 Distribution by Industrial Category
5.4 Institutional Arrangements affecting HWM Projects
5.5 Enforcement Mechanisms
5.6 Summary of Hazardous Waste Management Issues
6. Major Problems & Issues oN environmental Infrastructure
7. Regional Environmental Management of Laguna Lake
7.1 Features
7.2 Industrial Pollution Control
7.3 Domestic Water Supply
7.4 The Environmental User Fee System
7.5 LLDA River Rehabilitation Program
7.6 LLDA Revised Zoning and Management Plan (ZOMAP)
7.7 The Lakeshore Development and Management Plan
7.8 Policy Guideline Governing All Industrial Estates/Parks within the Laguna de Bay
7.9 LLDA Re-Engineering Model

V. Investigation of cooperation situations with developed countries and international organizations
1. WB-IBRD and DENR - Strengthening the Environmental Performance Monitoring and Evaluation System of the Philippine Environmental Impact Statement System.
2. Technical Assistance to Improve the Enforcement and Compliance Capacity of DENR and EMB ? WB and Japan Government
3. Toxic and Hazardous Wastes Management Study for the Philippines
4. Manila Second Sewerage Project
5. Local Government Unit (LGU) Urban Water and Sanitation I (LGUUWSP I and II)
6. Water Districts Development
7. The Laguna de Bay Environmental Management
8. Water Sector (PRIME)
9. Industrial Initiatives for a Sustainable Environment
10. Industrial Environment Management Project (IEMP)
11. United States-Asia Environmental Partnership (US-AEP)
12. Private Sector Participation in Managing the Environment (PRIME)
12.1 Module 1: Business Agenda 21
12.2 Module 2: Industrial Ecology
12.3 Module 3: Environmental Management System
12.4 Module 4: Environmental Entrepreneurship
13. Urban Air Quality Management Initiative (URBAIR) and Metro Manila Air quality improvement
14. Study on Environmental Management with Public and Private Sector Ownership
15. Hazardous Waste Management Study

VI. Environmental Cooperation Areas and Strategies
1. Municipal Solid Wastes
1.1 Sharing of Korea's Experience in Solid Waste through Document Publication
1.2 Capacity Building, Training and Technical Support for RA 9003 Implementors
1.3 Policy Study In Devising A Financing Strategy For The Implementation Of RA 9003
1.4 Infrastructure Support and Design, Construction and Operation of a Solid Waste Disposal Facility
2. Industrial Hazardous Wastes And Biomedical Waste Management
2.1 Hazardous Wastes Generator Survey
2.2 Establishment of Hazardous Wastes Management Facility
3. Corporate Environmental Management
4. LLDA Integrated Watershed Management

APPENDIX 1: Questionnaire
APPENDIX 2: Air Quality Data
APPENDIX 3: List of Rivers Surveyed and Categorized
APPENDIX 4: Summary of Major Legislation
APPENDIX 5: Modifications Made by RA 8749
APPENDIX 6: World Bank Project on Re-engineering of LLDA

PART III : Demand and Cooperation Strategy for Environmental Cooperation Projects
I. Methods of Approach
1. 1st Workshop: Selection of Potential Areas of Cooperation
2. Establishment of a Cooperative Network: Nomination of a Local Research Institute
3. Convergence of Korean Opinion
3.1 Ministry of Environment Department Heads’ Meeting
3.2 Meeting of Related Organizations
3.3 Advisory Committee Meeting
4. 2nd Workshop: Conceptualization of Project Plans for Each Area of Environmental Cooperation and Establishment of a Cooperative Network

II. Each Area of Environmental Cooperation
1. Integrated Watershed Management in Laguna Lake
1.1 Background
1.2 Major Expectations from the Cooperation Project
1.3 Current Situation of Laguna Lake
1.4 Related Korean Experiences and the Knowledge Gap
1.5 Project Direction and Strategy
1.6 Project Implementation Scheme
2. Capacity Strengthening for Environmental Management of Companies
2.1 Background
2.2 Major Expectations from the Cooperation Project
2.3 Current Situation of the Philippines’ Environmental Management
2.4 Related Korean Experiences and the Knowledge Gap
2.5 Project Direction and Strategy
2.6 Project Implementation Scheme

III. Short-term Plans for Environmental Cooperation
1. Integrated Watershed Management in Laguna Lake
1.1 Project Objectives
1.2 First Year Project Outline
1.3 Succeeding Project Outline
2. Capacity Strengthening for Environmental Management of Companies
2.1 Project Objectives
2.2 First Year Project Summary
2.3 Succeeding Project Outline
3. Establishing the Environmental Information Exchange Network between the Philippines and Korea
3.1 Project Objectives
3.2 Project Outline

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