Project of Investigation about Environmental Cooperation Needs with Asian Countries -Vietnam

Issue Date
Ministry of Environment
Series/Report No.
327, A-81 p.
Korea is recently taking an active role in strengthening the inter-Asian environmental cooperation through the Korea-China-Japan Environment Ministerial talks, the Korea-Vietnam Environment Ministerial talks, environmental cooperation with ASEAN nations, and Official Development Assistance (ODA) projects. These various cooperation projects, which have been in place since the 1990s, are in need of a comprehensive framework, which will be provided by this research project. In accordance with the agreement concluded in February, 2001 at Jeju Island between the Korean Ministry of Environment and the World Bank, KP takes the form of a cooperation project managed and carried out by the World Bank with the Korean government providing a certain annual sum to the World Bank in the form of a trust fund. As a result of selection process of the Ministry of Environment and the World Bank, targets for the project were decided as China, Vietnam, and the Philippines. The knowledge partnership project put forth by the World Bank takes the form of research projects, joint research, case studies, international seminars, etc., while consigned training and pilot projects involving the construction of facilities, etc., are excluded The main purpose of this research project is to discover the demand and formulate plans for inter-Asian environmental cooperation projects based on the Knowledge Partnership Program. The Knowledge Partnership is a structural element in the promotion of inter-Asian environmental cooperation, and through policy studies, case studies, etc., it illuminates the demand for cooperation and occupy an important role in connecting different forms of cooperation through the transfer of Korean knowledge and experience.

Table Of Contents

PART I : Overview of Inter-Asian Knowledge Partnership and the Research Project on Investigation of Environmental Cooperation Area
I. Knowledge Partnerships and Inter-Asian Environmental Cooperation
1. Background and Purpose of Inter-Asian Knowledg Partnership
1.1 Overview of Inter-Asian Knowledge Partnership
1.2 Background and Signifificance of the Promotion of Inter-Asian KP
2. The Position of KP within the Structure of the Inter-Asian Cooperation Project
2.1 The Background for Korea’s Promotion of Inter-Asian Environmental Cooperation
2.2 The Importance and Position of the Knowledge Partnership
3. Promotional Structure of Knowledge Partnership
3.1 Development of Knowledge Partnership
3.2 Promotional Structure of Knowledge Partnership Program

II. Overview of Research Project on inter-Asian Environmental Cooperation Areas
1. Purpose and Content of the Research Project
1.1 Purpose of the Research Project
1.2 Content of the Research Project
2. Methods of Performance and Promotional Structure
2.1 Methods of performing the study
2.2 Project implementation process
2.3 Promotional Structure
3. Structure of this Report

PART II : Status of Environmental Management and Cooperation Needs in Vietnam
I. Overview of Socio-ecomnomic Situation in Vietnam
1. The Development Agenda
1.1 National Policy Outlook
1.2 National Development Strategy
1.3 Government Orientation, Strategy and Socio-economic Development Plan for Period 2001-2010
2. Vietnam's Achievement in Renovation Process
2.1 Some Key Quantitative Targets
2.2 Macroeconomic Policies and Performance
2.3 Globalisation and Integration
2.4 Key Issues
2.5 Recommendations for Action
3. Investment
3.1 Foreign Investment into Vietnam Period 1988-2000 and Forecast 2001-2005
3.2 The Official Development Assistance (ODA)
3.3 Forecast of Total Social Investment Capital 2001-2005
3.4 Investment for Environmental Protection
3.5 Investment Policy
4. National Target Programmes, Period 2001-2005
4.1 The National Socio-economic Programmes
4.2 Strategy for Environmental Protection and Action Plans

II. General Situation in Vietnam
1. The History of Environmental Management, and Organizations Concerned in Vietnam
2. Environmental Situations of Vietnam
2.1 Fives Years Environmental Master Plan of the Government
2.2 Environmental Statistics
2.3 Legal Framwork: Environemental Management System in Vietnam
2.4 Institutional Framework for Environmental Management
3. Environmental Management Issues in Vietnam
3.1 Institutional Framework
3.2 Environmental Legislation
3.3 Environmental Monitoring and Analysis in Vietnam
3.4 Environmental Standards of Vietnam
3.5 Environmental Impact Assessment
3.6 Solid Waste Management
3.7 Biodiversity Protection

III. Environmental Policies in Vietnam
1. Backgrounds
1.1 The Environmental Policies and Regulations Status before “Doimoi”(Renovation) Policy (1986)
1.2 The Environmental Policies and Regulations Status after “Doimoi” Policy (1986)
2. The Policies and Regulations for Environmental Management in Specific Areas
2.1 Policies and Regulations on Solid Waste Management
2.2 Water Supply Management
2.3 Policies and Regulations on Sewage and Drainage Treatment Management
2.4 Policies and Regulations on Atmosphere Management
2.5 Policies and Regulations on Forests and Biodiversity Management
3. Specific Topics
3.1 Situation of Hazardous Waste Management
3.2 Programs for Promoting Environmental Management
3.3 Present State of Environmental Industry in Vietnam and Policy for Encouraging Environmental Industry

IV. Situations of Coporate Environmental Management in Vietnam
1. Pressure on Environment by Corporate Activities
1.1 Exploitation of Natural Source
1.2 Waste Water Problem
1.3 Solid Waste
1.4 Air Waste
1.5 Noise Pollution
1.6 Pollution of Working Environment
2. Governmental Policies and Programs for Environment Management of Industries
3. Present Situation of Corporate Environment Management
3.1 Legal Measures
3.2. Incentive (economic) Measures
3.3 ISO 14000 Series
4. Questunaire

V. Environmental Infrastucture of Vietnam
1. Vietnam’s Environmental Situation
1.1 Climate Change and Natural Disasters
1.2 Mainland Water Environment
1.3 Land Environment
1.4 Forest Situation
1.5 Biodiversity
1.6 Urban and Industrial Environment
1.7 Working Environment is Increasingly Polluted
1.8 Environment Accident is Strongly Increased
1.9 The 1991 ?2000 Environmental Performance Review
2. Urban and Industrial Environment’s Pollution
2.1 An Overview of Urbanization and Industrialization in Vietnam
2.2 Atmosphere Pollution
2.3 Water Situation
2.4 Solid Waste
2.5 Pollution From Production Areas of Small and Medium Enterprises
3. Environmental Pollution in Rural Area
3.1 Agricultural Production and Environment Pollution
3.2 Environment Situation in Traditional Villages
3.3 Water Supply in Rural Areas
3.4 Protection Rural Environment

VI. Cooperation Situations with Developed Countries and International Organizations
1. Related Cooperation Projects
2. Premises of Cooperation between Korea and Vietnam

VII. Cooperation Strategy on Environment between Korea and Vietnam 2002 - 2010 suggested by Vietnam
1. Legal Foundation
2. Long-term Goals of KP Projects
3. Objectives
4. Programs and Projects

PART III : Demand and Cooperation Strategy for Environmental Cooperation Projects
I. Methods of Approach
1. 1st Workshop: Selection of Potential Areas of Cooperation
2. Establishment of a Cooperative Network: Nomination of a Local Research Institute
3. Convergence of Korean Opinion
3.1 Ministry of Environment Department Heads’ Meeting
3.2 Meeting of Related Organizations
3.3 Advisory Committee Meeting
4. 2nd Workshop: Conceptualization of Project Plans for Each Area of Environmental Cooperation and Establishment of a Cooperative Network

II. Each Area of Environmental Cooperation
1. Environmental Improvement of Traditional Villages
1.1 Background
1.2 Major Expectations from the Cooperation Project
1.3 Current Situation of Vietnam’s Traditional Villages
1.4 Current Situation of the Do Hai Village
1.5 Related Korean Experiences and the Knowledge Gap
1.6 Project Direction and Strategy
1.7 Project Implementation Scheme
2. Capacity Strengthening for Municipal Solid Waste Management of Newly Developing Towns
2.1 Background
2.2 Major Expectations from the Cooperation Project
2.3 Current Situation Vietnam’s Municipal Solid Waste
2.4 Related Korean Experiences and the Knowledge Gap
2.5 Project Direction and Strategy
2.6 Project Implementation Scheme
3. Capacity Strengthening for Environmental Management of Companies and Industrial Zones
3.1 Background
3.2 Major Expectations from the Cooperation Project
3.3 Current Situation of Vietnam’s Environmental Management
3.4 Related Korean Experiences and the Knowledge Gap
3.5 Project Direction and Strategy
3.6 Project Implementation Scheme

III. Short-term Plans for Environmental Cooperation
1. Environmental Improvement of Traditional Villages
1.1 Project Objectives
1.2 First Year Project Outline
1.3 Second Year Project Outline
1.4 Third Year Project or the Second Year Continuation Project Outline
2. Capacity Strengthening for Municipal Solid Waste Management of Newly Developing Towns
2.1 Project Objectives
2.2 First Year Project Outline
2.3 Second Year Project Outline
3. Capacity Strengthening for Environmental Management of Companies and Industrial Zones
3.1 Project Objectives
3.2 First Year Project Outline
3.3 Second Year Project Outline
3.4 Succeeding Project Outline
4. Establishing the Environmental Information Exchange Network between Vietnam and Korea
4.1 Project Objectives
4.2 Project Outline

Appendix 1: Korean Environmental Experiences for Knowledge Partnership
Appendix 2: Korean cooperation Sources for the Inter-Asian Cooperation Project
Appendix 3: Minutes of 1st and 2nd KP Workshop

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