Project of Investigation about Environmental Cooperation Needs with Asian Countries -China

Issue Date
Ministry of Environment
Series/Report No.
203, A-81 p.
Korea is recently taking an active role in strengthening the inter-Asian environmental cooperation through the Korea-China-Japan Environment Ministerial talks, the Korea-Vietnam Environment Ministerial talks, environmental cooperation with ASEAN nations, and Official Development Assistance (ODA) projects. These various cooperation projects, which have been in place since the 1990s, are in need of a comprehensive framework, which will be provided by this research project. In accordance with the agreement concluded in February, 2001 at Jeju Island between the Korean Ministry of Environment and the World Bank, KP takes the form of a cooperation project managed and carried out by the World Bank with the Korean government providing a certain annual sum to the World Bank in the form of a trust fund. As a result of selection process of the Ministry of Environment and the World Bank, targets for the project were decided as China, Vietnam, and the Philippines. The knowledge partnership project put forth by the World Bank takes the form of research projects, joint research, case studies, international seminars, etc., while consigned training and pilot projects involving the construction of facilities, etc., are excluded The main purpose of this research project is to discover the demand and formulate plans for inter-Asian environmental cooperation projects based on the Knowledge Partnership Program. The Knowledge Partnership is a structural element in the promotion of inter-Asian environmental cooperation, and through policy studies, case studies, etc., it illuminates the demand for cooperation and occupy an important role in connecting different forms of cooperation through the transfer of Korean knowledge and experience

Table Of Contents

PART I : Overview of Inter-Asian Knowledge Partnership and the Research Project on Investigation of Environmental Cooperation Area
I. Knowledge Partnerships and Inter-Asian Environmental Cooperation
1. Background and Purpose of Inter-Asian Knowledg Partnership
1.1 Overview of Inter-Asian Knowledge Partnership
1.2 Background and Signifificance of the Promotion of Inter-Asian KP
2. The Position of KP within the Structure of the Inter-Asian Cooperation Project
2.1 The Background for Korea’s Promotion of Inter-Asian Environmental Cooperation
2.2 The Importance and Position of the Knowledge Partnership
3. Promotional Structure of Knowledge Partnership
3.1 Development of Knowledge Partnership
3.2 Promotional Structure of Knowledge Partnership Program

II. Overview of Research Project on inter-Asian Environmental Cooperation Areas
1. Purpose and Content of the Research Project
1.1 Purpose of the Research Project
1.2 Content of the Research Project
2. Methods of Performance and Promotional Structure
2.1 Methods of performing the study
2.2 Project implementation process
2.3 Promotional Structure
3. Structure of this Report

PART II : Status of Environmental Management and Cooperation Needs in China
I. History of Chinese Environmental Management and Environmental Situation
1. The History of Environmental Management in China
1.1 Stage 1: 1949-1972
1.2 Stage 2:1973-1982
1.3 Stage 3: 1983-1988
1.4 Stage 4: 1989-1995
1.5 Stage 5: 1996-2000
1.6 List of Major Events
2. Environmental Situations in China
2.1 Air Pollution
2.2 Water Pollution
2.3 Solid Wastes

II. Environmental Governance and Policy in China
1. National Structures of Environmental Governance
1.1 Environmental Legislative Bodies
1.2 Environmental Administrative Bodies
1.3 Environmental Judicial Organs
2. Local Structures of Environmental Administration
3. Implementation Mechanism of Environmental Governance
4. The Roles of Public, Media and NGO's in Environmental Governance
5. Framework of Chinese Environmental Policy
6. Intensive Environmental Actions in the Ninth Five-year Plan (1996-2000) Particular
7. The Tenth Five-year Plan for Environmental Protection
7.1 Strategic Orientations and Goals
7.2 Main Tasks
7.3 Measures to Ensure the Implementation of the Plan
7.4 Investment

III. Corporate Environmental Management in China
1. Development of China’s Industry and Environmental Impacts
2. Governmental Policy Response
2.1 Regulatory Arrangement
2.2 Institutional Arrangement
3. Present Situation of Corporate Environmental Management
3.1 Present Situation of Corporate Environmental Management
3.2 Corporate Environmental Management: Major Problems
3.3 Factors Influencing Corporate Environmental Management and Environmental Compliance
4. Specific Topics
4.1 Area-based ISO 14000
4.2 Environmental Industry

IV. Environmental Infrastructures In China: Situation, Management System and Future Development
1. The Status of Environmental Infrastructures in China
1.1 Infrastructures for Urban Air Pollution Control
1.2 Infrastructures for Urban Sewage Treatment
1.3 Infrastructure for Disposal of Municipal Solid Waste
2. Measures to Development of Urban Environmental Infrastructures in China
2.1 Increase of Environmental Investment
2.2 China Trans-century Green Program
2.3 Urban Environmental Management
3. Management System, Obstacles, and Problems in Environmental Infrastructure Development
3.1 Management System of Environmental Infrastructures
3.2 Obstacles and Problems
4. Development of China’s Environmental Infrastructure in Future

V. Chinese Environmental Cooperation with Developed Countries and International Organizations
1. Bilateral Environmental Cooperation
1.1 Environmental Cooperation with Japan
1.2 Environmental Cooperation with Germany
1.3 Environmental Cooperation with Canada
1.4 Environmental Cooperation with United States
1.5 Environmental Cooperation with United Kingdom (UK)
2. Multilateral Cooperation in Environmental Protection
2.1 Environmental Cooperation with the World Bank
2.2 Environmental Cooperation with GEF
2.3 Multilateral Cooperation on Environmental Strategies and Policies in China

VI. Extraction of Environmental Cooperation Needs and Establishment of Strategies of Environmental Cooperation
1. Industrial Zoning and Pollution Abatement of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises
1.1 Current Situation and Challenges
1.2 Cooperation Needs
2. On Guiding Chinese Enterprises to Transform to the Environmental-Friendly Style
2.1 Status Quo and the Opportunity
2.2 The Cooperation Needs
2.3 Cooperation Strategy and Activity
2.4 Budget
3. Regional Environmental Management Including Non-point Sources Management
3.1 Status Qua and Challenges of Environmental Management of Non-point Sources
3.2 Cooperation Needs in Environmental Management of Non-point Sources
3.3 Strategies and activities of cooperation in environmental management of non-point sources
3.4 Budget
4. Environmental Implications of China’s Accession to the WTO 157
4.1 Challenges and Opportunities in Environmental Protection after China’s Accession to the WTO
4.2 Cooperation Needs in the Areas of WTO and Environment between China and Korea
4.3. Activities for Cooperation
4.4. Budget

PART III : Demand and Cooperation Strategy for Environmental Cooperation Projects
I. Methods of Approach
1. 1st Workshop: Selection of Potential Areas of Cooperation
2. Establishment of a Cooperative Network: Nomination of a Local Research Institute
3. Convergence of Korean Opinion
3.1 Ministry of Environment Department Heads’ Meeting
3.2 Meeting of Related Organizations
3.3 Advisory Committee Meeting
4. 2nd Workshop: Conceptualization of Project Plans for Each Area of Environmental Cooperation and Establishment of a Cooperative Network

II. Each Area of Environmental Cooperation
1. Capacity Strengthening for Environmental Management of Companies and Industrial Zones
1.1 Background
1.2 Major Expectations from the Cooperation Project
1.3 Current Situation of Chinese Environmental Management
1.4 Related Korean Experiences and the Knowledge Gap
1.5 Project Direction and Strategy
1.6 Project Implementation Scheme
2. Regional Environment Management including Non-Point Sources Management
2.1 Background
2.2 Major Expectations from the Cooperation Project
2.3 Current Situation of Rural Environmental Conditions
2.4 Related Korean Experiences and the Knowledge Gap
2.5 Project Direction and Strategy
2.6 Project Implementation Scheme

III. Short-term Plans for Environmental Cooperation
1. Capacity Strengthening for Environmental Management of Companies and Industrial Zones
1.1 Project Objectives
1.2 First Year Project Outline
1.3 Second Year Project Outline
1.4 Succeeding Project Outline
2. Regional Environment Management including Non-Point Sources Management
2.1 Project Objectives
2.2 First Year Project Outline
2.3 Succeeding Project Outline
3. Establishing the Environmental Information Exchange Network between China and Korea
3.1 Project Objectives
3.2 Project Outline

Appendix 1: Korean Environmental Experiences for Knowledge Partnership
Appendix 2: Korean cooperation Sources for the Inter-Asian Cooperation Project
Appendix 3: Minutes of 1st and 2nd KP Workshop

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