Development of Environmental Management System for SMES

Development of Environmental Management System for SMES
Issue Date
Korean Ministry of Environment, World Bank
Series/Report No.
World Bank-Korea Environmental Management Research Final Report 2001
x, 295 p.
The study carried out for this project aimed to identify good examples of environmental management as practiced by Korean SMEs. A study of Korean SMEs is valuable because of the persistent and successful efforts at environmental management by leading companies in the face the Asian economic crisis in the late 1990s. In this sense, this study will be a valuable reference on environmental management to other countries - especially developing countries ? that must balance their environmental needs with those of economic survival.

Table Of Contents

I. Introduction
II. Korean Industrial Environmental Laws and Regulations
1. Industrial Environmental Protection Policies
1.1 Command and Control
1.2 Economic Incentives
1.3 Commentary
2. Industrial Environment Management Incentives
2.1 Incentives Given for Investing in Environment Facilities
2.2 Environmental Technology Support
2.3 Limitations
III. Environmental Management Precedents in Korea
1. Voluntary Environmental Management
1.1 Government Driven Environmental Programs
1.2 Regional Government Driven Environmental Programs
1.3 Regional Environmental Agreement
1.4 Industry Lead Private Sector Initiatives
1.5 Regional Private Sector Initiatives
1.6 Supply Chain Environmental Management
1.7 Voluntary Environmental Management Related to Energy
2. The Limitations of Voluntary Environmental Management Systems
Supply Chain Management of Large Firms
IV. SMEs in Korea and Environmental Management
1. Definition and Status of the SMEs
1.1 Definition
1.2 Importance of SMEs
1.3 Status Change of SMEs
2. Environmental Management and SMEs
2.1 Changes in the International Setting
2.2 Domestic Situations and SME Capacity
2.3 SMEs’ Environmental Management Status
Structure of Laws Relevant to SMEs
Major Supporting System for SMEs
V. International Environmental Management Precedents
1. Government Programs
1.1 United States Environmental Protection Agency
1.2 The Netherlands
1.3 Taiwan Industrial Development Bureau
2.1 The Interest in Supply Chains
2.2 Link between SCEM and Government Agenda
2.3 Motivations for SCEM Type I Programs
2.4 Strategies
2.5 Lessons Learned from SCEM
3. Government Industry Synergy Programs (GISP)
3.1 Taiwan Responsible Care Association (TRCA)
3.2 Guadalajara Environmental Management Pilot
Case Study: Standardized Industry Questionnaire CIQC
Case Study: NIKE’s MESH Program
Computer Industry and Quality Conference - STD 0014
VI. Conceptual Framework of EM and EMS
1. Environmental Management
1.1 Definition of Environmental Management
1.2 Reasons to Undertake Environmental Management
1.3 SME Environmental Management
1.4 Process of Environmental Change
1.5 Environmental Management Tools
2. Environmental Management System
2.1 Definition of Environmental Management System
2.2 The Reason to Implement an Environmental Management System
2.3 Conceptual Framework for Small and Medium Sized Enterprises Voluntary
Environmental Management System (SME-VEMS)
2.4 EMS Adoption of SMEs
VII. Environmental Management of Korean SMEs: Survey
1. Environmental Management in General
2. Organizational Commitment to Eenvironmental Management
3. Environmental Ddepartment
4. Environmental Management
5. Environmental Subsidies and Assistance Programs
6. Quality Management and the Eenvironment
VIII. Best Practices: Case Studies
1. Changwoon Co. (Taegu Factory)
1.1 General
1.1 Environmental Situation
1.2 Environmental Management
1.3 Implications and Key Conclusions
2. Daeduck Global Digital Solution Co
2.1 General
2.2 Environmental Situation
2.3 Environmental Management
2.4 Implications and Key Conclusions
3. Korea Omyang Co.
3.1 General
3.2 Environmental Situation
3.3 Environmental Management
3.4 Implications and Key Conclusions
4. Samjin Chemical Co
4.1 General
4.2 Production Processes and Environmental Aspects
4.3 Environmental Management System
4.4 Implications and Key Conclusions
5. Tongyang Confectionery Co. (Iksan Factory)
5.1 General
5.2 Environmental Situation
5.3 Environmental Management
5.4 Implication and Key Lessons
Criteria for Case Study
IX. Environment Management Guidelines for SMEs
1. Incentives for Implementing EM
1.1 Market
1.2 Regulation
1.3 Internal Factors
2. Overcoming Difficulties when Implementing EM(S)
2.1 Internal
2.2 External Barriers and Help
3. Overcoming Difficulties during EM(S) Adoption and Entering a Routine
3.1 Goals and Targets
3.2 Management Systems
3.3 Organization
4. Environmental Management Programs
4.1 Pollution Prevention
4.2 Waste Minimization
4.3 Recycling
4.4 Pollution Control
4.5 Waste Disposal Programs
4.6 Auditing
4.7 Performance Management
4.8 Suggestion Programs
4.9 Product Development
5. Maintaining Performance, Feedback and Learning
6. Information/Consultancy/Source of Government Support and Its Application
6.1 Information /Government Support
6.2 Training Support
< Appendix > List of Company Case Studies
X. Policy Recommendations for Government
1. Regulatory Policies
1.1 Regulatory Policies and Corporate Environmental Management
1.2 Implication and Direction of Regulatory Policies
1.3 Policy Recommendations
2. Market based Environmental Management Promotion Policy
2.1 Promotional Policy
2.2 Current Issues and Improvement Directions
2.3 Recommendations
3. Government’s Support to Facilitate SMEs’ Environmental Management
3.1 Policies for Supply Chain Environmental Management
3.2 Government Supporting System
XI. Summary and Conclusion

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