북한 에너지자립마을 건설방안연구

Title
북한 에너지자립마을 건설방안연구
Authors
김호석; David von Hippel
Co-Author
추장민; 강광규; 명수정; 박인규; 서왕진; 구재남; 김용구
Issue Date
2011-12-31
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
사업보고서 : 2011-04-05
Page
377 p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/23169
Abstract
The Korean peninsula constitutes a single connected ecosystem, with the Southern and Northern parts not markedly different in terms of climate and exposure to environmental stresses. South Korea and North Korea, however, operate with radically different economic systems, which, coupled with the political situation on the peninsula and in Northeast Asia, have left North Korea much less able, on its own, adapt to environmental challenges, and in need of some assistance from South Korea and other international partners to be able to peacefully redevelop its economy and provide for its peoples’ basic needs as a first step toward a sustainable future. North Korea’s environmental and energy-sector needs are many. The North lacks access to technologies and know-how that it could use to better manage its environmental problems, which range from local deforestation, soil depletion, and water pollution, to ability to respond to floods, droughts, and other natural disasters. At the same time, its energy systems and economy must be redeveloped so that its people can live a better life. Programs of sincere, well-thought-out capacity building are needed in many sectors in the North, from environmental remediation to electric power systems, in order to provide North Koreans with the ability to help themselves. These programs also need to be of an appropriate scale to be practical, taking into account North Korea’s capacity to manage aid from South Korea and other international partners. A key starting point for such cooperative activities, providing benefits to local citizens and excellent demonstration value on the broader nation-to-nation scale, is in the area of rural environmental and economic development. The report provides a scoping study for a project with environmental, energy sector, and economic development benefits, and as such is a potential template for more and broader cooperative activities between the Korea. Ultimately, the cooperation linkages between South and North forged by projects such as the Energy-Independent Village venture outlined in this Report will form the cornerstone for Inter-Korean activities to respond to climate change, efficiently co-develop and share energy resources (including with neighboring nations), and implement sustainable economic development throughout the peninsula.

Table Of Contents

1. Introduction
1.1. Current Status of the DPRK Energy Sector
1.2. Providing Energy Assistance to the DPRK-Opportunities and Challenges
1.3. Preparing Cooperation Projects in Advance of when Needed
1.4. Importance of the Energy-Independent Village Concept
1.5. Goals of this Study
1.6. Outline of Remaining Chapters of Study

2. DPRK Energy Sector
2.1. Highlights of Nautilus’ DPRK Energy Sector Analysis
2.2. Environmental Problems and Emissions in the DPRK
2.3. Summary of Key DPRK Energy Sector Needs
2.4. Key Options for DPRK Energy Sector Assistance
2.5. Possible “Energy Futures” for the DPRK

3. Green Energy Village Project in the DPRK
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Key Goals of the Pilot Project
3.3. Potential Benefits of the Pilot Project
3.4. Key Elements Proposed for the Pilot Project
3.5. Illustrative Example of Potential GEV Project Infrastructure
3.6. Potential Village Economic Development to Accompany Energy System Development
3.7. Description of Key Tasks in Developing a GEV Pilot Project

4. Key Challenges in Developing a GEV Pilot Project
4.1. Political Challenges in the ROK
4.2. Potential Project Partners in the ROK
4.3. Potential Partners in the International Community
4.4. Political Challenges in the DPRK
4.5. Benefits of the Project for the ROK
4.6. Choosing/Arranging a Counterpart in the DPRK
4.7. Logistical Challenges in the DPRK
4.8. Challenges and Considerations in Selecting a Site
4.9. Making the Project Sustainable

5. Potential Research and Engagement Activities Leading up to Establishment of “Green Energy Village” Pilot Project
5.1. Capacity-building for Engagement
5.2. Collaborative Engagement Projects to Lead Pilot Project Development
5.3. Potential ROK Research Projects to Lead Pilot Project Development
6. Conclusion and Summary
6.1. Key Elements Required for Success
6.2. Key Pitfalls to Avoid in Project Development
6.3. Next Steps in Initiating the Implementation of the GEV Project

ANNEX
A: Preliminary Sizing/Costing of GEV Components
B: Detail of Budget Estimates

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