포장재 재질ㆍ구조 평가를 연계한 재활용분담금 할증방안 연구

Title
포장재 재질ㆍ구조 평가를 연계한 재활용분담금 할증방안 연구
Other Titles
A study on the method of surcharge of additional rate with evaluation of the material and structure of packaging
Authors
김도완; 배재근
Issue Date
2022-06-30
Publisher
한국환경연구원,한국환경정책학회
Series/Report No.
환경정책 : 제30권 제2호 2022년 6월
Page
67-80 p.
URI
https://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/23623
Language
한국어
Abstract
포장재 재질구조평가제도를 통해 재활용이 어려운 포장재의 출고 및 수입을 억제하고자 `21년도부터 할증율을 부과해오고 있다. 그러나, 현행 제도는 재활용 어려움에 해당하는 경우에만 할증하기 때문에 의무생산자가 재활용성의 등급을 높이기 위한 노력을 촉진하지 못하고 있다. 또한, 할증율은 의무생산자의 행동변화 촉구와 재질구조평가결과 수준을 고려하여 산출되어야한다. 이에 본 연구에서는 다양한 할증인자를 활용하여 재활용 분담금 할증방안을 고찰하고, 점수화를 통한 할증방안을 고찰하였다. 할증율은 철캔 15.0%, 알루미늄캔 16.1%, 유리병 25.4%, 종이팩 16.2%, PET-무색 25.8%, PET-유색 21.7%, PET-복합재질 19.6%, 발포합성수지 전자/농식품/기타 15.1%, PSP 15.4%, 기타합성수지(용기류?트레이 단일재질 페트) 20.3%, 기타합성수지(용기류?트레이 단일재질 페트 외) 20.3%, 복합재질 및 필름?시트류가 16.4%로 산출되었으며, 구성항목과 재질 및 구조평가에 따른 점수화 방안을 제안하였다. [핵심주제어] 포장재, 재질?구조평가제도, 재활용 등급, 할증율, 점수화


In order to suppress the production and import of packaging that is difficult to recycle because of its material and/or structure, an additional rate has been imposed since 2021. However, the current system does not promote efforts by mandatory producers to increase recyclability because the premium is only applied only when recycling is considered to be difficult to achieve. Furthermore, the additional rate should be calculated according to consideration of the need to change the behavior of mandatory producers and the materials and structures used in packaging. Therefore, in this study, a premium plan for contribution to recycling was considered using various premium factors, and a premium plan using scoring was also considered. The additional rate was calculated as 15.0% for steel cans, 16.1% for aluminum cans, 25.4% for glass bottles, 16.2% for cartons, 25.8% for PET-colorless, 21.7% for PET-colored, 19.6% for PET-composite materials, 15.1% for foamed plastics for electronic, agricultural, food or other packaging, 15.4% for PSP, 20.3% for other synthetic resins (containers, trays, single-material PET), and 16.4% for composite materials including films and sheets. A scoring method was proposed on the basis of this evaluation. [Key Words] Packaging, Material and structure evaluation system, Recycling grade, Additional rate, Scoring

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Periodicals(정기간행물) Journal of Environmental Policy and Administration(환경정책)
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