서비스산업의 환경·경제적 영향 분석

Title
서비스산업의 환경·경제적 영향 분석
Authors
김광임
Co-Author
장기복; 하현철
Issue Date
2001-12-30
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
연구보고서 : 2001-04
Page
viii, 119p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19049
Language
한국어
Keywords
Service industry- Environmental aspects- Korea-
Abstract
Domestic environmental management in Korea has been focusing on manufacturing sectors to date, with most research in the environmental industries centering on manufacturing rather than service sectors. However, as the growth rate of the service industry is steadily increasing, there is a special need for environmental pollution management of the service sector. The common perception, that the service industry has little effect on environment, stems from a basic misunderstanding of the environmental pollution problem. Consequent to the increasing growth rate of service industry, there is a special need for stronger measures to prevent pollution of the environment. Input-Output Analysis was used as the primary method for investigation in this study. The analysis demonstrates that it is necessary to regulate the service industry. In assessing the environmental impact of the service industrys growth, the study shows that effluent amounts of air pollutant, waste and wastewater in other industries have been affected. The results of the study are as follows: When analyzing the volume of generated air pollutants by increasing consumption expenditure, it was found that each generated volume of NOx and SOx were respectively 204,412 ton/year and 88,027ton/year in electricity, gas and water, and respectively 132,457 ton/year and 52,078 ton/year in transport and storage. TSP amounts were found to be 82,494 ton/year in construction and 15,237 ton/year in basic metal. HC among service industries were found to be 7,930 ton/year in transport and storage. When analyzing the volume of generated wastewater by investment expenditure, the volume of generated wastewater was found to be 2,127,389㎥/day in basic metal and 250,498㎥/day in non-metallic mineral product. The volumes among service industries were determined as 1,029㎥/day for wholesale and retail trade, 1,349㎥/day for education and health, and 1,445㎥/day for social and other servics. According to the analysis of generated wastewater volume by consumption expenditure, basic metal was found to be 669,159.7㎥/day, pulp, paper and paper production was 380,115.9㎥/day, food products, beverage and tobacco was 347,425.6㎥/day. When analyzing the volume of generated waste by investment expenditure, the total generated waste volume was 1,069,428 ton/year, and the generated waste volume for manufacturing, and the service industry were 163,869 ton/year and 705,372 ton/year, respectively. Wholesale and retail trade among service industry accounted for 80.7% of the generated municipal solid waste volume in the service sector. Industrial waste volume and hazardous waste volume in manufacturing sectors were found to be 2,371,320 ton/year and 585,780 ton/year respectively. Generated waste volume in various service sectors was 262,392 ton/year and 8,665 ton/year. According to the empirical analysis, the service industry has environmental impacts different from those in the manufacturing industry. Consequently, in examining the environmental impacts and launching environmental management policies, the fact that manufacturing sector provides intermediate inputs to the service industry must be considered. Effective environmental management in the service industry is crucial for an integrated environment management policy. For the achievement of concrete integrated environment policy, it is important to manage voluntary agreements rather than control agreements. The policies that can facilitate voluntary agreements include technical information provision, guideline development, environmental knowledge acquisition and environmental management.

Table Of Contents

Ⅰ. 서 론 1
1. 연구의 배경 및 목적 1
2. 연구방법 및 범위 2

Ⅱ. 산업구조 변화와 환경오염의 특징 4
1. 산업구조 분석 4
1.1 국내총생산과 산업별 생산액 변화 추이 4
1.2 산업별 고용 현황과 추이 9
2. 에너지 소비 분석 11
2.1 에너지원별 소비 동향 11
2.2 산업별 에너지 소비 동향 14
2.3 에너지소비 원단위 17
2.4 서비스산업의 에너지 소비현황 23
2.5 서비스산업의 에너지원별 소비 현황 24
3. 산업별 환경오염물질 배출 특징 26
3.1 대기오염 26
3.2 수질 오염 30
3.3 폐기물 오염 32

Ⅲ. 서비스산업의 성장과 환경·경제적 영향 분석 35
1. 산업연관분석 모델 35
2. 서비스산업의 경제적 파급 효과 분석 38
2.1 서비스산업의 경제적 파급효과에 대한 선행 연구 38
2.2 서비스산업의 부가가치 유발 효과 42
2.3 서비스산업의 생산 파급효과 43
2.4 서비스산업의 가격 파급효과 46
3. 서비스산업의 환경 영향 분석 50
3.1 산업별 최종수요 증가와 환경 영향 분석 51
3.2 도소매업 57
3.3 음식점 및 숙박업 58
3.4 운수 및 보관업 59
3.5 통신 및 방송업 59
3.6 금융 및 보험업 59
3.7 부동산 및 사업서비스업 60
3.8 공공행정 및 국방 61
3.9 교육 및 보건업 61
4. 1차와 2차 산업의 최종 수요 증가와 환경 영향 분석 62
4.1 농림수산업 62
4.2 석유석탄제품제조업 64
4.3 1차금속제품제조업 65
5. 산업별 환경영향 종합 비교 67
5.1 대기오염물질 영향 67
5.2 수질오염물질 영향 69
5.3 폐기물 배출 영향 71

Ⅳ. 요약 및 정책 제언 75

참 고 문 헌 81

부 표 85

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