식물사회학적 이론에 의한 생태모델숲 조성기법

Title
식물사회학적 이론에 의한 생태모델숲 조성기법
Authors
정흥락
Co-Author
권영한; 최준규; 노백호; 이현우; 박하늘
Issue Date
2007-12-31
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
기초연구 : 2007-05
Page
54 p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19333
Language
한국어
Keywords
Plant communities
Abstract
Abstract Native Plant Community Restoration Based on Phytosociology This study aims to suggest strategies for constructing naturalized parks in heavily populated areas, particularly the design of native plant communities based on phytosociology in broader areas damaged by development projects. In Korea, non-native and exotic species have been planted in parks and small remnant areas that have been fragmented by road construction and development projects. These artificial parks are partially in conflict with the original structure and function of native forest ecosystems. To identify naturalized plant communities, we reviewed the concept of ecologically sound vegetation units developed through plant sociology studies and suggest processes and plans for the construction of such vegetation units. The term 'eco-model forest' introduced here for the first time, refers to a constructed forest consisting of native plant species and original ecosystems. Sapling pots of all seedling mixtures with a variety of tree, sub-tree, and shrub plants were used to construct the eco-model forest. At the germination and plantation stage, we planted more seedling pots in the soil in order to get a high success rate and to assure rapid growth. After planting, we expect the constructed eco-model forests to be similar with natural vegetation communities in about 10 years. The constructed eco-model forests provide wildlife habitats, control extreme weather conditions at a micro-scale, provide clean air and water, prevent soil erosion, flooding, and global warming, and provide recreation opportunities. To construct an eco-model forest, we looked at the actual conditions and identified reference vegetation community in the area. The potential vegetation structure should be estimated in terms of the area's climate and soil conditions, as well as the community's potential plant species composition. The selected plants should be planted with spatial distribution in mind (i.e., direction and distance between seedlings). During the treatment, appropriate soil is accumulated to establish native plant species. The planted area should be maintained and continuously monitored to assure the development of ecologically sound vegetation in damaged areas. This study hopes to suggest ecologically sound and economically efficient ways to construct semi-natural parks in urban areas. The experimental design of the eco-model forest proved to be more successful than the ones used before. Furthermore, the eco-model forest can be applied to large areas, providing the most efficient way to develop ecologically friendly wildlife habitats. So far, aesthetic approaches are dominant in Korea to construct human-made parks in urban areas, but, in this study, the eco-model forest is proposed to develop an ecologically integrated system based on the theory of plant sociology. This study is theoretical, and the construction design, planting processes, and plant species selection have not been assessed in the field. We plan to apply the eco-model forest design obtained using plant sociology to pilot areas and to experiment with different combinations of plant species. Finally, monitoring of the constructed parks is essential to achieve ecological sound parks in urban areas.

Table Of Contents

- 차 례 -
제1장 · 서 론
1. 연구의 목적
2. 연구의 배경 및 필요성
3. 연구 내용
제2장 · 생태모델숲의 개념과 기능
1. 생태모델숲의 개념
2. 생태모델숲의 기능
제3장 · 연구 및 조성사례
1. 도시숲 및 생태숲
2. 군락식재 및 생태적 식재기법, 모델식재
3. 함양 상림
제4장 · 환경영향평가 녹지 조성사례
1. 훼손수목의 이식
2. 식재에 의한 녹지 조성
3. 문제점 및 개선방안
제5장 · 일본의 환경보전림
1. 환경보전림의 창조와 발전
2. 환경보전림의 기능
3. 환경보전림의 조성과정
4. 환경보전림의 조성사례
제6장 · 식물사회학과 한국의 식생
1. 식물사회학
2. 한국의 식생
제7장 · 생태모델숲의 조성과정
1. 현황조사
2. 잠재자연식생의 추정
3. 식재수종의 선정
4. 배식설계
5. 유묘생산
6. 식재기반조성
7. 식재시기 및 방법
8. 식재 후 관리방안
9. 기술개발방안
제8장 · 기대효과 및 향후 과제
참고 문헌
Abstract

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