개발사업 생태계훼손사고 대응 매뉴얼 구축

Title
개발사업 생태계훼손사고 대응 매뉴얼 구축
Authors
박하늘
Co-Author
전동준
Issue Date
2010-12-30
Publisher
한국환경정책·평가연구원
Series/Report No.
Working Paper : 2010-13
Page
90 p.
URI
http://repository.kei.re.kr/handle/2017.oak/19530
Language
한국어
Abstract
Establishment of the Emergency Response Manual for unexpected damage to wildlife and their habitats under the development project Ecosystem conservation guidelines are established to reduce impact on species and wildlife from accidents occurring during the process of construction or project operation in the process of EIA on development projects. However, issues like the confirmed presence of endangered species and the habitat thereof occurring in the process of construction of large-scale development projects, as well the hasty performance of environmental assessment and damage to habitat from national policy development projects, have induced significant social conflicts. The majority of accidents that occur due to development projects are unexpected. It is also difficult to forecast impact on species and habitat as the extent and scope of impact is both complex and distributed over a wide area. Follow-up environmental impact studies established during the EIA stage include monitoring plans on critical species and habitat as alternative proposals with respect to such issues. However such studies have inherent shortcomings. The monitoring is once in a single quarter or half year, and include only a limited time period after performance. Accordingly, in recognition of the foregoing issues, this study recognizes the importance of damage management on species and habitat (aside from effects on humans) from accidents occurring due to human conduct (such as development), and newly establishes relevant concepts while building a response system for worksites when accidents occur. To this end, first, this study uses the term "ecosystem accidents" as a combined term, distinct from "environmental accidents" that induce damage to existing human activities and life, or the economy. "Ecosystem accidents" refers to accidents that threaten the survival of species or habitats in the natural environment, add risk to habitat activities, or damage the underlying environment and/or its quality." By analyzing existing response cases to environmental damage, this study confirmed that no system exists to respond to accidents that induce damage to species and habitat. This study confirms that efforts to respond to damage have primarily focused on technical control measures for improvement of environmental quality as a response to pollution. Furthermore, this study found that response guidelines must be considered that are based on biological or ecological principles regarding relevant species or the habitat thereof through review of the existing literature and theory. In particular, in order to provide fast and appropriate responses to accidents at work sites, this study confirmed that tailored response proceedings must be made available that consider the type of accident and the scale of damages. Ultimately, this study presents five response strategies and three response principles for ecosystem accidents, and divides responses for work site related parties in the initial stage of accident occurrence into different grades, while presenting evaluation criteria for worksites. It also presented a response map for work site related parties, when accidents occur. At the same time, this research emphasizes that accident response policy should be applied as a support policy that can ensure the progress of sustainable development rather than being a regulatory method. Although this research has important implication by proposing concrete responses from analysis of case studies and theory, it has limitations there is more room for improvement of considering the procedural aspects of accident mitigation, preparedness, and recovery. Therefore future studies can use the findings herein, while more effort will be needed to analyze and apply the relevant case studies and theory in more detail in the procedural aspects of accident response.

Table Of Contents


제1장ㆍ서 론
1. 연구 배경과 내용
2. 연구 목적과 체계
3. 용어 정의와 연구 범위
가. 용어의 정의
1) 사고의 개념·정의
2) 생태계의 개념·정의
3) 훼손의 개념·정의
나. 연구 범위
제2장ㆍ환경(피해)사고 현황과 문제점
1. 환경오염사고
가. 수질오염사고
나. 해양오염사고(유류유출사고)
2. 생태계훼손사고 사례 분석
가. 주요 생태계훼손사고
1) 생물종 피해사고
2) (생물종 훼손을 포함한) 서식지 훼손 및 오염사고
나. 생태계훼손사고 관련 기존의 관리·대응체계 진단
1) 이식 보호식물 관리지침
2) 환경평가제도의 사후환경영향조사 후속조치
3. 기존 사고 대응체계의 종합평가
가. 환경(피해)사고 현황의 진단
나. 환경(피해)사고에 대한 대응체계의 진단
1) 환경오염사고 대응체계의 진단
2) 생태계(생물종, 서식지)훼손사고에 대한 대응체계의 진단
다. 종합 평가
제3장ㆍ생태계훼손사고 대응원칙과 현장대응체계(안) 구축
1. 대응체계 구축을 위한 이론적 검토
가. 대응행위와 단계별 특성: 위기관리학적 이론을 근거로
나. 전략적 계획(Strategic planning) 이론
다. 관련 이론들의 적용방안
2. 생태계훼손사고 대응전략과 대응원칙 수립
가. 대응전략
나. 대응원칙
3. 생태계훼손사고 현장대응체계(안) 구축
가. 현장대응체계 구축 방향
1) 절차적 측면: 대응절차별 Action Plan의 유무
2) 내용적 측면: 대응체계에 포함될 내용
3) 질적 측면: 대응체계의 기대성과
나. 생태계훼손사고 현장대응체계(안) 구축
1) 생태계훼손사고 위험등급, 평가기준의 수립과 그에 따른 대응방침
2) 생태계훼손사고에 대한 현장대응체계도(안)
제4장ㆍ결 론
참고 문헌
생태경관보전지역 지정 현황
자연공원 지정 현황
습지보호지역 지정 현황
백두대간보호지역 지정 현황
야생동·식물보호구역 지정 현황
천연보호구역 등 지정 현황
람사르협약상의 습지 지정 현황
세계문화유산 등재 또는 잠정목록 지정 현황
멸종위기 야생동ㆍ식물 지정 현황
천연기념물(동·식물) 지정 현황
Abstract

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